See also: firmé

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

firma +‎ -e

Adverb edit

firme

  1. firmly, securely
  2. firmly, steadfastly

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English firm (commercial undertaking, corporate name) and/or German Firma (business, business name, signature), both from Italian firma (signature), from firmare (to sign), from Latin firmō (to make firm); possibly conflated with Medieval Latin firma (farmed office, source of revenue), from Old English feorm (food, rent, tribute). More at firm, farm.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /fiʁm/
  • (file)

Noun edit

firme f (plural firmes)

  1. firm (company)

Descendants edit

  • Russian: фирма (firma)
    • Georgian: ფირმა (pirma)

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Galician edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese firme (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Vulgar Latin firmis, from Latin firmus.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

firme m or f (plural firmes)

  1. firm
    Synonym: rixo
    • 1390, J. L. Pensado Tomé, editor, Os Miragres de Santiago, Madrid: CSIC, page 136:
      Ay espada moy fremosa, que nũca foy suzia nẽ ferrugeẽta, mais sempre foy fremosa et clara et cõueniuele d'ancho et de longo, mais forte et mais firme ca toda las outras, o mãgo tẽes d'almasi moy brãquo et feicto en gisa de cruz, cõ moy fremosa arrays dourada et cõ moy boa maçãa dourada de beril no magarõ.
      Oh, very beauty sword, which was never dirty or rusty but was always beauty and clear and appropriate in its width and in its length; stronger and firmer than the rest; your hilt is of the whitest ivory, made in the form of the cross, with a very beauty golden handle, and an excellent golden apple of beryl in the end
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Noun edit

firme m (plural firmes)

  1. surface of a road
  2. solid ground where foundations are built

References edit

  • firme” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • firme” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • firme” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • firme” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • firme” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

firme

  1. inflection of firmar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Italian edit

Noun edit

firme f

  1. plural of firma

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Adjective edit

firme

  1. vocative masculine singular of firmus

References edit

  • firme”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • firme”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • firme in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: fir‧me

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese firme, from Vulgar Latin firmis, from Latin firmus, from Proto-Italic *fermos, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer-mo-s (holding), from the root *dʰer- (to hold).

Adjective edit

firme m or f (plural firmes)

  1. firm

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

firme

  1. inflection of firmar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Spanish firme, from Vulgar Latin *fīrmis, from Latin firmus, from Proto-Italic *fermos, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer-mo-s (holding), from the root *dʰer- (to hold). The preservation of initial /f/ is irregular, but Coromines & Pascual reject the possibility of the word being a borrowing.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfiɾme/ [ˈfiɾ.me]
  • Rhymes: -iɾme
  • Syllabification: fir‧me

Adjective edit

firme m or f (masculine and feminine plural firmes, superlative firmísimo)

  1. firm, steady, secure
  2. steadfast, unwavering, unswerving, firm
  3. adamant
  4. strong, assertive (uncompromising, unyielding)
  5. strong (promising)
    un firme candidatoa strong candidate
  6. solid, firm
    en tierra firmeon solid ground

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Zoogocho Zapotec: firm

Verb edit

firme

  1. inflection of firmar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

References edit

Further reading edit