See also: duruş

IdoEdit

VerbEdit

durus

  1. conditional of durar

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *dūros, from Proto-Indo-European *duh₂-ró-s (long), from *dweh₂- (far, long). Cognate with Ancient Greek δηρός (dērós, long), Sanskrit दूर (dūrá, distant, far, long), though there are semantic problems if the change "long" > "enduring" (see dūrō) is not accepted.

Alternatively, from Proto-Indo-European *deru-, *drew- (hard, fast). Cognate with Lithuanian drū́tas (firm, strong), Old English trum (trim, strong, firm), Sanskrit ध्रुव (dhruva, firm, fixed).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dūrus (feminine dūra, neuter dūrum, comparative dūrior, superlative dūrissimus, adverb dūrē or dūriter); first/second-declension adjective

  1. hard, rough (of a touch)
  2. harsh (of a taste)
  3. hardy, vigorous
  4. unyielding, unfeeling, stern
  5. oppressive, severe
    • Dura lex, sed lex.
      The law is harsh but it is the law.

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative dūrus dūra dūrum dūrī dūrae dūra
Genitive dūrī dūrae dūrī dūrōrum dūrārum dūrōrum
Dative dūrō dūrō dūrīs
Accusative dūrum dūram dūrum dūrōs dūrās dūra
Ablative dūrō dūrā dūrō dūrīs
Vocative dūre dūra dūrum dūrī dūrae dūra

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: dur
  • Dalmatian: doir
  • English: dure
  • French: dur
  • Friulian: dûr
  • Galician: duro
  • Istriot: doûro
  • Italian: duro
  • Ligurian: dûo
  • Lombard: dür

ReferencesEdit

  • durus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • durus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • durus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • durus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, 1st edition. (Oxford University Press)