Faroese edit

 
gæs - geese

Etymology edit

From Old Norse gás, from Proto-Germanic *gans, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰans-. Cognates include Old English gōs (English goose), Old Frisian gōs (West Frisian goes), Old Saxon gōs, gās (German Low German Goos), Dutch gans, Old High German gans (German Gans), Portuguese ganso, Spanish ganso.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gás f (genitive singular gásar, plural gæs)

  1. goose (Anser)

Declension edit

Declension of gás
f25 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative gás gásin gæs gæsnar
accusative gás gásina gæs gæsnar
dative gás gásini gásum gásunum, gæsnum
genitive gásar gásarinnar gása gásanna

Related terms edit

Irish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch gas, a word coined by chemist Van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by Dutch geest (breath, vapour, spirit) or from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Noun edit

gás m (genitive singular gáis, nominative plural gáis)

  1. gas
  2. paraffin oil

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gás ghás ngás
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

  • Ó Dónaill, Niall (1977), “gás”, in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, Dublin: An Gúm, →ISBN
  • gas”, in New English-Irish Dictionary, Foras na Gaeilge, 2013–2024

Old Norse edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *gans, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰans-. Cognates include Old English gōs (English goose), Old Frisian gōs (West Frisian goes), Old Saxon gōs, gās (German Low German Goos), Dutch gans, Old High German gans (German Gans), Portuguese ganso, Spanish ganso.

Pronunciation edit

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ɡɒ̃ːs/

Noun edit

gás f (genitive gásar, plural gæss)

  1. goose
  2. vulva

Declension edit

Descendants edit

  • Icelandic: gás, gæs (analogously after plural gæss)
  • Faroese: gás
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: gås
  • Elfdalian: gą̊s
  • Old Swedish: gās, ᚵᛆᛋ
  • Old Danish: gās
  • Gutnish: gas

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French gaz,[1] from Dutch gas, from Latin chaos, from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos).[2]

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: gás

Noun edit

gás m (plural gases)

  1. gas
  2. (in the plural) fart

References edit