χάος

Ancient GreekEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

 

Etymology 1Edit

Uncertain. Has traditionally been connected to χαίνω (khaínō), χάσκω (kháskō, I gape, yawn) (< Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₂-) or χώρα (khṓra, open space, place). Beekes additionally compares Baltic and Germanic words for “palate”: Old High German guomo, goumo, Old Norse gómr, Lithuanian gomurỹs < ? PIE *ǵʰeh₂-mn-. A connection with Proto-Kartvelian *qew-/*qaw- ("ravine") has also been made by Furnée.

NounEdit

χᾰ́ος (kháosn (genitive χᾰ́εος or χᾰ́ους); third declension

  1. the primordial state of existence
  2. space, air
  3. abyss, chasm
  4. infinite darkness
DeclensionEdit

Normally, only in singular; but χάη occasionally found.

DescendantsEdit
  • English: chaos
  • Armenian: քաոս (kʿaos)
  • Georgian: ქაოსი (kaosi)
  • Greek: χάος (cháos)
  • Latin: chaos
  • Russian: хаос (xaos)
  • Norwegian: kaos
  • Danish: kaos
  • Spanish: caos
  • Swedish: kaos
  • Finnish: kaaos
  • Japanese: カオス

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

χᾰ́ος (kháosm or f (neuter χᾰ́ον); second declension

  1. Alternative spelling of χάϊος (kháïos) "genuine, true"
DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • χάος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • χάος in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • χάος in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,006
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) , “χάος, -εος, -ους”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1614

GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ancient Greek χάος (kháos). For sense disorder, mess, semantic loan from French chaos (in that sense) from Latin chaos, from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈxaos/
  • Hyphenation: χά‧ος

NounEdit

χάος (cháosn

  1. (singular only) chaos
  2. (singular only, figuratively) disorder, mess
  3. (singular only, mathematics) chaos

Usage notesEdit

    • Kostas Karyotakis, poem "Go, my heart is nostalgic" from collection Elegia and Satires, published in 1927. (Greek text)
      Φύγε κι ἄσε με μοναχό, ποὺ βλέπω νὰ πληθαίνη
      ἀπάνω ἡ νύχτα, καὶ βαθιὰ νὰ γίνωνται τὰ χάη.
      Fýge ki áse me monachó, pou vlépo na plithaíni
      apáno i nýchta, kai vathiá na gínontai ta chái.
      Go and leave me alone looking at the growing
      night upon [me], and the deepening chaoses.

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ χάος in Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.
  2. ^ χάη in greek poetry at greek-language.gr retr:2018.09.24.

Further readingEdit