Last modified on 22 August 2014, at 11:19

goð

IcelandicEdit

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NounEdit

goð n (genitive singular goðs, nominative plural goð)

  1. an idol, a pagan god

Derived termsEdit


Old NorseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • guð (Christian God)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *gudą (god). Cognate with Old English god, Old Frisian god, Old Saxon god, Old Dutch got, Old High German got, Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌸 (guþ).
Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰutom (invoked).

PronunciationEdit

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈɡoːð/

NounEdit

goð n (genitive goðs, plural goð)

  1. (Heathenry) a god, deity (specifically of the Norse pantheon, but also of any god)
    • Vǫluspá, verse 6, lines 3-4, in 1860, T. Möbius, Edda Sæmundar hins fróða: mit einem Anhang zum Theil bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig, page 2:
      [] ginnheilög goð, / ok um þat gættusk: []
      [] most holy gods, / and held council: []
  2. (Christianity, especially in compounds) a heathen god, false god
    • Clemens saga 2, in 1874, C. R. Unger, Postola sögur: Legendariske fortællinger om apostlernes liv. Copenhagen, page 127:
      [] i musteri solar goþs, es Apollo heiter []
      [] in the temple of the solar god, as Apollo is called []

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

  • goði (priest)
  • gyðja (goddess, priestess)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Icelandic: goð n

ReferencesEdit

  • goð in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • goð in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.