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See also: FALSE and falsé

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English false, fals, from Old English fals (false; counterfeit; fraudulent; wrong; mistaken), from Latin falsus (counterfeit, false; falsehood), perfect passive participle of fallō (deceive). Reinforced in Middle English by Anglo-Norman and Old French fals, faus. Compare Scots fals, false, Saterland Frisian falsk, German falsch, Dutch vals, Swedish and Danish falsk; all from Latin falsus. Displaced native Middle English les, lese (false), from Old English lēas; See lease, leasing.

For spelling, the -e (on -lse) is so the end is pronounced /ls/, rather than /lz/ as in falls, and does not change the vowel (‘a’). Compare else, pulse, convulse.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

false (comparative falser, superlative falsest)

  1. Untrue, not factual, factually incorrect.
  2. Based on factually incorrect premises.
    false legislation, false punishment
  3. Spurious, artificial.
    false teeth
    • 1907, Robert William Chambers, chapter VIII, in The Younger Set (Project Gutenberg; EBook #14852), New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, published 1 February 2005 (Project Gutenberg version), OCLC 24962326:
      At her invitation he outlined for her the succeeding chapters with terse military accuracy; and what she liked best and best understood was avoidance of that false modesty which condescends, turning technicality into pabulum.
  4. (logic) Of a state in Boolean logic that indicates a negative result.
  5. Uttering falsehood; dishonest or deceitful.
    a false witness
  6. Not faithful or loyal, as to obligations, allegiance, vows, etc.; untrue; treacherous.
    a false friend, lover, or subject;  false to promises
    • John Milton (1608-1674)
      I to myself was false, ere thou to me.
  7. Not well founded; not firm or trustworthy; erroneous.
    a false conclusion;  a false construction in grammar
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599)
      whose false foundation waves have swept away
  8. Not essential or permanent, as parts of a structure which are temporary or supplemental.
  9. (music) Out of tune.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

AdverbEdit

false (comparative more false, superlative most false)

  1. Not truly; not honestly; falsely.
    • Shakespeare
      You play me false.

NounEdit

false (plural falses)

  1. One of two options on a true-or-false test.
    The student received a failing grade for circling every true and false on her quiz.

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

false f pl

  1. feminine plural of falso

LatinEdit

NounEdit

false

  1. vocative singular of falsus

ReferencesEdit


SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

false

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of falsar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of falsar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of falsar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of falsar.