gourmet

See also: Gourmet

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French gourmet, from Middle French gourmet, from Old French groumet (wine broker, valet in charge of wines, servant) from groume, grommes (wine-taster, manservant), apparently from Middle English grom, grome (boy, valet, servant), from Old English *grōma (male child, boy, youth), akin to Old English grōwan (to grow). More at groom.

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /ɡʊɹˈmeɪ/, /ˈɡʊɹmeɪ/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡʊəmeɪ/, /ˈɡɔːmeɪ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪ

AdjectiveEdit

gourmet (not comparable)

  1. (of food and drink) Fine; of superior quality. [from 1820]
    We need to go to the gourmet grocery store to get the exotic ingredients for this recipe.
    The restaurant offered gourmet coffee and cigars after the meal.

Usage notesEdit

Gourmet has become somewhat debased by marketing usage, and is considered by some a pretentious middlebrow term. Such users tend to prefer terms such as artisanal (emphasizing the craft) for fine food.

Coordinate termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

gourmet (plural gourmets)

  1. A connoisseur in eating and drinking; someone who takes their food seriously.

Usage notesEdit

Gourmet emphasizes interest in quality of food and enjoyment of eating, sometimes to an obsessive degree: someone who “lives to eat rather than eating to live”. By contrast, a gourmand is someone more interested in quantity of food than quality of food.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɣuːrˈmɛt/, /ɡuːrˈmɛt/

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from French gourmet.

NounEdit

gourmet m (plural gourmets, diminutive gourmetje n)

  1. a person of refined palate for food and drink, a gourmet, a foodie
  2. a kind of festive meal, similar to raclette or Chinese hot pot, prepared at the table by the diners in individual pots heated by a raclette grill
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

gourmet

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of gourmetten
  2. imperative of gourmetten

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French gourmet.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡurmeː/, [ˈɡurme̞ː]

AdjectiveEdit

gourmet

  1. Alternative form of gurmee

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of gourmet (Kotus type 22/parfait, no gradation)
nominative gourmet gourmet’t
genitive gourmet’n gourmet’iden
gourmet’itten
partitive gourmet’ta gourmet’ita
illative gourmet’hen gourmet’ihin
singular plural
nominative gourmet gourmet’t
accusative nom. gourmet gourmet’t
gen. gourmet’n
genitive gourmet’n gourmet’iden
gourmet’itten
partitive gourmet’ta gourmet’ita
inessive gourmet’ssa gourmet’issa
elative gourmet’sta gourmet’ista
illative gourmet’hen gourmet’ihin
adessive gourmet’lla gourmet’illa
ablative gourmet’lta gourmet’ilta
allative gourmet’lle gourmet’ille
essive gourmet’na gourmet’ina
translative gourmet’ksi gourmet’iksi
instructive gourmet’in
abessive gourmet’tta gourmet’itta
comitative gourmet’ine
Possessive forms of gourmet (type parfait)
Rare. Only used with substantive adjectives.
possessor singular plural
1st person gourmet’ni gourmet’mme
2nd person gourmet’si gourmet’nne
3rd person gourmet’nsa

NounEdit

gourmet

  1. Alternative form of gurmee

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of gourmet (Kotus type 22/parfait, no gradation)
nominative gourmet gourmet’t
genitive gourmet’n gourmet’iden
gourmet’itten
partitive gourmet’ta gourmet’ita
illative gourmet’hen gourmet’ihin
singular plural
nominative gourmet gourmet’t
accusative nom. gourmet gourmet’t
gen. gourmet’n
genitive gourmet’n gourmet’iden
gourmet’itten
partitive gourmet’ta gourmet’ita
inessive gourmet’ssa gourmet’issa
elative gourmet’sta gourmet’ista
illative gourmet’hen gourmet’ihin
adessive gourmet’lla gourmet’illa
ablative gourmet’lta gourmet’ilta
allative gourmet’lle gourmet’ille
essive gourmet’na gourmet’ina
translative gourmet’ksi gourmet’iksi
instructive gourmet’in
abessive gourmet’tta gourmet’itta
comitative gourmet’ineen
Possessive forms of gourmet (type parfait)
possessor singular plural
1st person gourmet’ni gourmet’mme
2nd person gourmet’si gourmet’nne
3rd person gourmet’nsa

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Middle French gourmet, from Old French groumet (wine broker, valet in charge of wines, servant) from Old French grommes (manservant), from Middle English grom, grome (boy, valet, servant) of unknown origin, perhaps from Old English *grōma (male child, boy, youth) from Old English grōwan (to grow). More at groom.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gourmet m (plural gourmets)

  1. (of wines) a wine expert, especially one who is adept at determining the label, date, and sundry other qualities solely by smatch
  2. (more commonly) a culinary connoisseur, gourmet

DescendantsEdit

  • Danish: gourmet
  • Dutch: gourmet
  • English: gourmet
  • German: Gourmet
  • Japanese: グルメ (gurume)
  • Italian: gourmet
  • Portuguese: gourmet
  • Spanish: gourmet
  • Turkish: gurme

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French gourmet.

NounEdit

gourmet m or f (invariable)

  1. gourmet

Further readingEdit

  • gourmet in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from French gourmet.

AdjectiveEdit

gourmet (invariable)

  1. (of food) gourmet; fine

NounEdit

gourmet m or f (plural gourmets)

  1. gourmet (a person who appreciates good food)

Further readingEdit

  • gourmet” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from French gourmet.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɡuɾˈmet/, [ɡuɾˈmet̪]
  • IPA(key): /ɡuɾˈme/, [ɡuɾˈme]

AdjectiveEdit

gourmet (plural gourmets)

  1. gourmet

Usage notesEdit

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further readingEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

gourmet c

  1. someone to whom good food is very important; a gourmet
    Synonyms: (less common) gourmé, läckergom

DeclensionEdit

Declension of gourmet 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative gourmet gourmeten gourmeter gourmeterna
Genitive gourmets gourmetens gourmeters gourmeternas

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit