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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French gourmant.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡʊə.mənd/, /ˈɡʊʁmɑ̃/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɡɔɹˈmɑnd/, /ˈɡʊɹ.mɑnd/

NounEdit

gourmand (plural gourmands)

  1. A person given to excess in the consumption of food and drink; a greedy or ravenous eater.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Ben Jonson
      That great gourmand, fat Apicius
    • 1908, W[illiam] B[lair] M[orton] Ferguson, chapter I, in Zollenstein, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 731476803:
      The colonel and his sponsor made a queer contrast: Greystone [the sponsor] long and stringy, with a face that seemed as if a cold wind was eternally playing on it. […] But there was not a more lascivious reprobate and gourmand in all London than this same Greystone.
  2. A person who appreciates good food.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French gourmant (glutton), originally an adjectival form, from Old French, where it had the sense of trencherman, but of uncertain ultimate origin.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɡuʁ.mɑ̃/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: gourmands
  • Hyphenation: gour‧mand

AdjectiveEdit

gourmand (feminine singular gourmande, masculine plural gourmands, feminine plural gourmandes)

  1. eating a lot
  2. (more recently) having a love for good food, demanding of food quality

NounEdit

gourmand m (plural gourmands, feminine gourmande)

  1. a person who eats a lot, or who has refined tastes in food

Usage notesEdit

The French and English usages of this word are false friends. While the English word has evolved to emphasize the excesses of a gourmand, the French word has become more associated with refined tastes in food. See also gourmet, which has considerable overlap with this word.

Further readingEdit


NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French, where it had the sense of trencherman, but of uncertain ultimate origin

AdjectiveEdit

gourmand m

  1. (Jersey) greedy

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

gourmand m, f (plural gourmands)

  1. gourmand (person who appreciates good food)
  2. gourmand (person who eats too much)

SynonymsEdit