See also: grāfa and grāfā

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse grafa (to dig), from Proto-Germanic *grabaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrābʰ- (to dig, scratch, scrape).

VerbEdit

grafa (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative gróf, third-person plural past indicative grófu, supine grafið)

  1. to dig
  2. to bury
  3. to engrave
  4. to enquire
  5. (impersonal) to suppurate, fester
ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the verb grafa (to dig).

 
A modern excavator.

NounEdit

grafa f (genitive singular gröfu, nominative plural gröfur)

  1. an excavator, a digger; (large machine used to dig holes and trenches)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

grafa

  1. indefinite genitive plural of gröf

IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

VerbEdit

grafa

  1. past participle of graf (write; draw, sketch; graph, plot, chart)

Noun 1Edit

grafa m sg

  1. genitive singular of grafadh

Noun 2Edit

grafa m pl

  1. vocative plural of graf (graph, chart)

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

grafa m sg

  1. genitive singular of grafadh ((act of) grubbing, hoeing; grubbed land)

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
grafa ghrafa ngrafa
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


LithuanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

grafà f (plural grafos) stress pattern 2[1]

  1. space between two vertical lines;[1] column[2]

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lietuvių kalbos žodynas (t. I–XX, 1941–2002): elektroninis variantas. Redaktorių kolegija: Gertrūda Naktinienė (vyr. redaktorė), Jonas Paulauskas, Ritutė Petrokienė, Vytautas Vitkauskas, Jolanta Zabarskaitė. Programuotojai: Evaldas Ožeraitis, Vytautas Zinkevičius. – Vilnius: Lietuvių kalbos institutas, 2005 (atnaujinta versija, 2017). – http://www.lkz.lt. →ISBN
  2. ^ Martsinkyavitshute, Victoria (1993), Hippocrene Concise Dictionary: Lithuanian-English/English-Lithuanian. New York: Hippocrene Books. →ISBN

Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *grabaną.

VerbEdit

grafa

  1. to dig
  2. to bury
  3. to engrave
  4. to enquire (also in middle voice: grafask)
  5. (impersonal) to cause the formation of pus (in something); suppurate

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Icelandic: grafa
  • Faroese: grava
  • Norwegian: grave
  • Old Swedish grava, græva
  • Danish: grave
  • Elfdalian: gråvå

ReferencesEdit

  • grafa in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Scottish GaelicEdit

NounEdit

grafa m sg

  1. genitive singular of graf

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
grafa ghrafa
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.