See also: grāfa and grāfā

Contents

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse grafa(to dig), from Proto-Germanic *grabaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrābʰ-(to dig, scratch, scrape).

VerbEdit

grafa ‎(strong verb, third-person singular past indicative gróf, third-person plural past indicative grófu, supine grafið)

  1. to dig
  2. to bury
  3. to engrave
  4. to enquire
  5. (impersonal) to suppurate, fester
ConjugationEdit


SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the verb grafa(to dig).

 
A modern excavator.

NounEdit

grafa f ‎(genitive singular gröfu, nominative plural gröfur)

  1. an excavator, a digger; (large machine used to dig holes and trenches)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

grafa

  1. indefinite genitive plural of gröf

IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

VerbEdit

grafa

  1. past participle of graf(write; draw, sketch; graph, plot, chart)

Noun 1Edit

grafa m sg

  1. genitive singular of grafadh

Noun 2Edit

grafa m pl

  1. vocative plural of graf(graph, chart)

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

grafa m sg

  1. genitive singular of grafadh((act of) grubbing, hoeing; grubbed land)

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
grafa ghrafa ngrafa
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *grabaną, whence also Old English grafan (English grave), Old Saxon bigraƀan, Dutch graven, Old High German graban (German graben), Gothic 𐌲𐍂𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽(graban). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrābʰ-(to dig, scratch, scrape).

VerbEdit

grafa

  1. to dig
  2. to bury
  3. to engrave
  4. to enquire (also in middle voice: grafask)
  5. (impersonal) to cause the formation of pus (in something); suppurate

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • grafa in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Scottish GaelicEdit

NounEdit

grafa m sg

  1. genitive singular of graf

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
grafa ghrafa
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.