From Middle English columne, columpne, columpe, from Old French columne, from Latin columna (“a column, pillar, post”), originally a collateral form of columen, contraction culmen (“a pillar, top, crown, summit”). Akin to Latin collis (“a hill”), celsus (“high”), probably to Ancient Greek κολοφών (kolophṓn, “top, summit”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkɒləm/
- (US) enPR: kŏl'əm, IPA(key): /ˈkɑləm/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒləm
column (plural columns)
- (architecture) A solid upright structure designed usually to support a larger structure above it, such as a roof or horizontal beam, but sometimes for decoration.
- A vertical line of entries in a table, usually read from top to bottom.
- A body of troops or army vehicles, usually strung out along a road.
- A body of text meant to be read line by line, especially in printed material that has multiple adjacent such on a single page.
It was too hard to read the text across the whole page, so I split it into two columns.
- A unit of width, especially of advertisements, in a periodical, equivalent to the width of a usual column of text.
Each column inch costs $300 a week; this ad is four columns by three inches, so will run $3600 a week.
- (by extension) A recurring feature in a periodical, especially an opinion piece, especially by a single author or small rotating group of authors, or on a single theme.
His initial foray into print media was as the author of a weekly column in his elementary-school newspaper.
- Something having similar vertical form or structure to the things mentioned above, such as a spinal column.
- (botany) The gynostemium
- (chemistry) An object used to separate the different components of a liquid or to purify chemical compounds.
- (line of table entries): row (which is horizontal)
- (upright structure): beam
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