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Etymology 1Edit

From gr (to be still, to be silent).





  1. one who is silent, one who doesn’t talk [Middle Kingdom to New Kingdom]
  2. a calm, dispassionate, and self-effacing person, seen as wisely living according to Maat (virtue/truth/cosmic order) [Middle Kingdom to New Kingdom]
    • c. 1928–1924 BCE, Stele of Wepwawetaa (Leiden V4/AP 63), lines 9–10:
      jnk grw mm srw […] ssbq.n nswt ḫnt tꜣwj mḥ-jb.f ḫnt rḫwt.f
      I was a silent/dispassionate one among the officials, […] whom the king honored in front of the Two Lands (Egypt), his confidant at the fore of his subjects
    • c. 1900 BCE, The Instructions of Kagemni (pPrisse/pBN 183) lines 1.1–1.2:
      wn ẖn n grw wsḫ st nt hr m mdww
      Open is the tent to the quiet one; broad is the place of the one calm in speech.
Usage notesEdit

In the second sense, this word is often followed by epithets such as mꜣꜥ (just, true).

Alternative formsEdit
  • (calm and self-effacing person): wḫꜣ

Etymology 2Edit



  1. also, furthermore
  2. any more
Alternative formsEdit