English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English calm, calme, from Middle French calme, probably from Old Italian calma, of uncertain origin. Calma may derive from Late Latin cauma (heat of the midday sun), from Ancient Greek καῦμα (kaûma, heat, especially of the sun), from καίω (kaíō, I burn), or possibly from Latin caleō. Compare also Lombardic *chalm, *chalma (frozenness), ultimately from Proto-Germanic *kalmaz (frozenness, cold).

Displaced native Middle English smilte (quite, still, gentle) from Old English smylte (quiet, tranquil, calm, serene).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

calm (comparative calmer or more calm, superlative calmest or most calm)

  1. (of a person) Peaceful, quiet, especially free from anger and anxiety.
    Antonyms: stressed, nervous, anxious
  2. (of a place or situation) Free of noise and disturbance.
    Antonym: disturbed
  3. (of water) with few or no waves on the surface; not rippled.
  4. Without wind or storm.
    Antonyms: windy, stormy

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Derived terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun edit

calm (countable and uncountable, plural calms)

  1. (in a person) The state of being calm; peacefulness; absence of worry, anger, fear or other strong negative emotion.
  2. (in a place or situation) The state of being calm; absence of noise and disturbance.
  3. A period of time without wind.

Synonyms edit

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Translations edit

Verb edit

calm (third-person singular simple present calms, present participle calming, simple past and past participle calmed)

  1. (transitive) To make calm.
    to calm a crying baby
    to calm the passions
    • 1697, Virgil, “(please specify the book number)”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], →OCLC:
      to calm the tempest raised by Aeolus
  2. (intransitive) To become calm.

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References edit

  1. ^ John C. Wells (1982) Accents of English, volume 1, Cambridge University Press, § 3.1.9, page 206

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

From calma, probably in imitation of French calme (adjective) and Spanish calmo.

Adjective edit

calm (feminine calma, masculine plural calms, feminine plural calmes)

  1. calm

Related terms edit

Middle English edit

Noun edit

calm

  1. Alternative form of calme

Adjective edit

calm

  1. Alternative form of calme

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French calme.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

calm n (plural calmuri)

  1. composure (calmness of mind or matter, self-possession)

Related terms edit