n U+006E, n
LATIN SMALL LETTER N
m
[U+006D]
Basic Latin o
[U+006F]
U+207F, ⁿ
SUPERSCRIPT LATIN SMALL LETTER N

[U+207E]
Superscripts and Subscripts
[U+2080]
U+FF4E, n
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER N

[U+FF4D]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF4F]

Translingual edit

Etymology edit

From the old Latin N, from the Greek Ν (nu), from an archaic reversed Greek N, from the Phoenician symbol 𐤍; possibly from an earlier Egyptian hieroglyph of a resting Egyptian cobra,
D
(𓆓).

Letter edit

n (upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
  2. in Romanization:
    1. of the Hebrew ⁧נ \ ן(nun”, “nūn) in the Common Israeli, Hebrew Academy (1953 and 2006), and ISO 259 transliteration schemes
    2. of the Hebrew ⁧נּ(nun”, “nūn ḥāzāq) in the Common Israeli transliteration scheme

Synonyms edit

  • (Romanization of ⁧נּ⁩, “nun”, “nūn ḥāzāq”): nn (in the Hebrew Academy (1953 and 2006) and ISO 259 transliteration schemes)

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Symbol edit

n

  1. (IPA) voiced alveolar nasal.
    (superscript ⟨ⁿ⟩) nasal release (of any articulation), prenasalization, [n]-coloring or a weak, fleeting or epenthetic [n] – see also .
  2. (statistics) Sample size.
  3. (physics) neutron
  4. (mathematics) An arbitrary natural number.

Gallery edit

See also edit

Other representations of N:

Further reading edit

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N, plural ns or n's)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the English alphabet, called en and written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Number edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The ordinal number fourteenth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called en and written in the Latin script.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Abbreviations.

Noun edit

n

  1. Abbreviation of north.
    Alternative forms: n., N
  2. (grammar) Abbreviation of noun.
    Alternative form: n.
  3. (organic chemistry) normal
  4. Neutral
  5. No
Translations edit

Adjective edit

n

  1. (grammar) Abbreviation of neuter (gender).
    Alternative form: n.
Translations edit

Conjunction edit

n

  1. Contraction of and; chiefly used in set phrases.
    Alternative form: 'n'

Etymology 3 edit

Abbreviations.

n

  1. (stenoscript) the sound sequence /ɛn/.
  2. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of in.
  3. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of no, inflections none, nor, not, neither, and homophone know.

Aromanian edit

Preposition edit

n

  1. Alternative form of ãn

Azerbaijani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n lower case (upper case N)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Bambara edit

Pronoun edit

n

  1. I

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Basque alphabet, called ene and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Chinese edit

Pronunciation edit


Numeral edit

n

  1. Alternative spelling of N

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

  • Previous letter: m
  • Next letter: o

See also edit

Egyptian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Cognate with Central Atlas Tamazight (n, of) and Proto-Semitic *lV-, whence Hebrew to, for, of (lə-) and Arabicلِـ(li-, to, for, belonging to).[1]

Pronunciation edit

 

Preposition edit

n
  1. to, for (dative)
  2. in the direction of, towards
  3. (of time) for, until
  4. because of
  5. used idiomatically with certain verbs
Inflection edit
Alternative forms edit

Before a noun it can be written thus:

This should not be confused with the negative particle, which is written identically.

Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

n
  1. Abbreviation of nj (of, belonging to (genitival adjective)).

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

n
Z2

 pl 1. enclitic (‘dependent’) pronoun

  1. we, us (see usage notes)
Usage notes edit

This form of pronoun is an enclitic that must directly follow the word it modifies. Its meaning depends on its context:

  • When it follows a verb, it indicates the object of the verb.
  • In the second and third person when it follows an adjective, it forms the subject of an adjectival sentence.
  • When it follows a relative adjective, such as ntj, ntt, or jsṯ, it indicates the subject of the relative clause (usually only in the first person singular and third person common).
  • When it follows an imperative, it indicates the subject or the object of the verb.
  • When it follows a particle like m.k, it indicates the subject of the clause.
  • When attached to a preposition, it indicates the object of the preposition.
Inflection edit
Alternative forms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Hoch, James (1997) Middle Egyptian Grammar, Mississauga: Benben Publications, →ISBN, page 15
  2. ^ Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 47

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called no and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Estonian edit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called enn and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Faroese edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (upper case N)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and n for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called än or en and written in the Latin script.

Interjection edit

n

  1. Short for naiset (ladies) (used to mark toilets and similar installations to be for women only)
    Synonyms: naiset, (rare) rouvat
    Antonyms: m, miehet, (rare) herrat

See also edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Chapter I:
      Avec ces propos et d’autres semblables, le pauvre gentilhomme perdait le jugement. Il passait les nuits et se donnait la torture pour les comprendre, pour les approfondir, pour leur tirer le sens des entrailles, ce qu’Aristote lui-même n’aurait pu faire, s’il fût ressuscité tout exprès pour cela.
      With these passages and other similar ones, the poor gentleman lost his judgement. He spent his nights and tortured himself to understand them, to consider them more deeply, to take from them their deepest meaning, which Aristotle himself would not have been able to do, had he been resurrected for that very purpose.

Fula edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

See also edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

n

  1. Nonstandard form of 'n.
    • 1984, Wolfdietrich Schnurre, Ein Unglücksfall: Roman, page 172:
      „Hat uns vorhin so n Mensch von der Dingsbums gebracht.“ „Von der Kultusgemeinde.“ Avrom hebt zwinkernd die Augen vom Buch; er lächelt. Muß ne anrührende Stelle gewesen sein, was er da grade liest. „Was heißt ‚so n Mensch‘.“
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 1999, Regula Schmidlin, Wie Deutschschweizer Kinder schreiben und erzählen lernen:
      [] also die Geschichte hab ich genannt (äh) die Froschsuche weil da war so n Junge und mit em Hund und die haben dauernd ihren Frosch immer angeguckt im Wasser und dann einmal in der Nacht is er weggehüpft []
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 2012, Gustav Falke, Die Kinder Aus Ohlsens Gang, page 92:
      »Wenn ick de jungen Lüd nich harr und de Kinner – so n Mann, Herr Lehrer, so n Mann! aber ick hev en nu. He schall mi mol Muck seggn. Rut smiet ick em.« »Das lassen Sie nur lieber nach, Frau Krahnstöver. [] «
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 2014, Manuel Mayer, Schwule Akten: Fußballstar und Tennisprofi geoutet, Himmelstürmer Verlag, page 58:
      Und da Sex Sponsoren anzieht, würde so n Kerl ein so großes Medienecho hervorrufen, sodass wir noch Jahrhunderte davon hören würden ...
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

n

  1. Romanization of 𐌽

Guinea-Bissau Creole edit

Etymology edit

From African origin. Cognate with Kabuverdianu n.

Pronoun edit

n

  1. I (first person singular)

Haitian Creole edit

Etymology edit

Contraction of nou, from French nous.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

n

  1. Contraction of nou.

Haruai edit

Pronoun edit

n

  1. I

References edit

  • Jef Verschueren, Pragmatics at Issue: Selected Papers (1991, →ISBN
  • Bernard Comrie, Maria Polinsky, Causatives and Transitivity (1993, →ISBN, page 317: Haruai has a serial verb construction, in which all verbs but the last take no inflections whatsoever (the only instance in Haruai where a verb can appear inflectionless), as in (3): n dw röbö p-n-a I go water get-FUT(-1SG)-DEC

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈn]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈɛnː]

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called enn and written in the Latin script.
  2. character as a unit of measurement (one of the basic elements making up a text file or string)
    Synonyms: karakter, leütés, betűhely

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative n n-ek
accusative n-et n-eket
dative n-nek n-eknek
instrumental n-nel n-ekkel
causal-final n-ért n-ekért
translative n-né n-ekké
terminative n-ig n-ekig
essive-formal n-ként n-ekként
essive-modal
inessive n-ben n-ekben
superessive n-en n-eken
adessive n-nél n-eknél
illative n-be n-ekbe
sublative n-re n-ekre
allative n-hez n-ekhez
elative n-ből n-ekből
delative n-ről n-ekről
ablative n-től n-ektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
n-é n-eké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
n-éi n-ekéi
Possessive forms of n
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. n-em n-jeim
2nd person sing. n-ed n-jeid
3rd person sing. n-je n-jei
1st person plural n-ünk n-jeink
2nd person plural n-etek n-jeitek
3rd person plural n-jük n-jeik

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • n in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɛnː/

Letter edit

n (upper case N)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Ido edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /n/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ne/

Letter edit

n (upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Indonesian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /n/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɛn/

Letter edit

n (upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From English n (shortening of and).

Conjunction edit

n

  1. (text messaging, slang) Abbreviation of dan.
Synonyms edit

Italian edit

Letter edit

n f or m (invariable, lower case, upper case N)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Italian alphabet, called enne and written in the Latin script.

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

n

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Kabuverdianu edit

Etymology edit

From African origin.

Pronoun edit

n

  1. I (first person singular)

Kabyle edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Berber *n, from Proto-Afroasiatic. Cognate with Central Atlas Tamazight (n), see there for more.

Preposition edit

n

  1. of, genitive preposition
    azemz n tlalit
    date of birth
  2. used between a numeral and a noun
    Ttmeslayeɣ snat n tutlayin.
    I speak two languages.
    (literally, “I-speak two of languages”)
  3. used before a year
    di useggas n 2021
    in 2021
    (literally, “in year of 2021”)

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and n for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Korean edit

Numeral edit

n (en)

  1. Alternative spelling of N (en).

Ladin edit

Article edit

n

  1. a (+ masculine noun)

See also edit

Lashi edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

n

  1. OK

References edit

  • Mark Wannemacher (2011) A phonological overview of the Lacid language[1], Chiang Mai: Payap University., page 11

Latvian edit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology edit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation edit

(file)

Letter edit

 
N

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Latvian alphabet, called en and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Livonian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (upper case N)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Malay edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Maltese edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /n/
  • IPA(key): /m/ (by assimilation to a following labial)
  • IPA(key): /n/, [ŋ] (by assimilation to a following velar)

Letter edit

n (upper case N)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

n

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ń.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of ň.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ǹ.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Norwegian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /enː/, /ɛnː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /n/, (in rn) /ɳ/, (in ng and nk) /ŋ/
  • (file)

Letter edit

n

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Nupe edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Polish edit

Etymology edit

The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and n for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (upper case N, lower case)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Polish alphabet, called en and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Portuguese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Alternative forms edit

Adverb edit

n

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of não (not).
    eu n sei
    I don't know

Noun edit

n m (invariable)

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of não (no).

Interjection edit

n

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of não (no).

Romani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. (International Standard) The eighteenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The nineteenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called en, ne, or and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Saterland Frisian edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ən/
  • Hyphenation: n

Etymology 1 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Article edit

n

  1. unstressed form of aan, een; a, an
Usage notes edit
  • When followed by an adjective and modifying a feminine noun, the form ne may be used.

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Article edit

n

  1. unstressed form of dän

References edit

  • Marron C. Fort (2015) Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN, page 779

Scottish Gaelic edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Scottish Gaelic alphabet, written in the Latin script. It is preceded by m and followed by o. Its traditional name is nuin (ash).

See also edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (Cyrillic spelling н)

  1. The 19th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet, preceded by m and followed by nj.

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and n for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Skolt Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (upper case N)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Tagalog edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Spanish n. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English n.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by Baybayin character (na).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish n.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: n
  • (letter name, Filipino alphabet): IPA(key): /ʔen/, [ʔɛn]
  • (letter name, Abakada alphabet): IPA(key): /ˈna/, [ˈnɐ]
  • (letter name, Abecedario): IPA(key): /ˈʔene/, [ˈʔɛ.nɛ]
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /n/, [n]
  • Rhymes: -en, -a, -ene

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N, Baybayin spelling ᜁᜈ᜔)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Filipino alphabet), called en and written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The eleventh letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abakada alphabet), called na and written in the Latin script.

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N, Baybayin spelling ᜁᜈᜒ)

  1. (historical) The sixteenth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abecedario), called ene and written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: n
  • IPA(key): /ˈna/, [ˈnɐ]

Adverb edit

n (Baybayin spelling )

  1. (text messaging) Alternative spelling of na

Further reading edit

  • n”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Tarifit edit

Preposition edit

n (Tifinagh spelling )

  1. genitive marker
    1. indicates possession: of, -'s
      taddart n tmɣart
      The house of the woman.
      yeǧi-s n waryaz-nni
      That man's daughter.
    2. indicates the relationship of a noun and their place of origin
      tiḥenjirin n Arif
      The girls of the Rif.
    3. indicates a relationship between family members: son of, daughter of
      Mimun n Ɛmar
      Mimun the son of Umar.
    4. expresses quantity
      arbɛa n tfunasin
      Four cows.

Usage notes edit

Nouns following the preposition n are placed in the construct state.

Inflection edit

Inflection forms of n
singular plural
m f m f
1st person inu nneɣ
2nd person nnec nnem nwem nkent
3rd person nnes nsen nsent

Turkish edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ne and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Turkmen edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (upper case N)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called en and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Xhosa edit

n (lower case,upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Xhosa alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Yoruba edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Alternative forms edit

  • ín, í (Èkìtì)
  • (Ìjẹ̀ṣà, Ìjẹ̀bú)

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ń

  1. Marks the imperfective aspect, for actions that are not completed.
Derived terms edit
  • máa ń (habitual tense marker)

Etymology 3 edit

Compare with Igbo m

Alternative forms edit

  • ng (archaic)

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

or n

  1. Alternative form of mo (I) (used in negative or future sentences, or with )

Zulu edit

Letter edit

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit