See also: Hanse


Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English hanse, from Old French hanse ‎(hanse, fee, company of merchants) and/or Medieval Latin hansa ‎(hanse, the Hanse League); both from Middle High German hans, hanse ‎(association or corporation of merchants, the Hanse League), from Old High German hansa ‎(troop of soldiers, host, company, multitude, crowd, mass), from Proto-Germanic *hansō ‎(gathering, coalition, troop, company), Proto-Indo-European *ḱómsōd ‎(union, gathering), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm ‎(beside, by, with, along) + *sed- ‎(to sit). Cognate with Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌽𐍃𐌰 ‎(hansa, band of men), Old English hōs ‎(company, escort, attendants, retinue), Latin consilium ("council, advisory body"; < *consodium), Russian сосед ‎(soséd, neighbour), Latin cum ‎(with).


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hanse ‎(plural hanses)

  1. A league; a confederacy.
  2. A society or combination of merchants in mercantile towns, for the protection and facility of trade and transportation.
  3. A Mediaeval French guild.
  • (Can we date this quote?), Institutions and European Trade (ISBN 1139500392), page 95:
    In this, they resembled the alien merchant guilds and hanses of the medieval period.
  • (Can we date this quote?), An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouthshire (published by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales), page 252:
    The town does not seem to have had a hanse, nor have there been discovered any records showing the existence of medieval trade guilds; []
  • 2002, P. Boissonnade, Life and Work in Medieval Europe, page 208:
    Gilds and hanses seized control of the export trade []
  • 2002, T. H. Lloyd, England and the German Hanse, 1157-1611: A Study of Their Trade, page 1:
    For the sake of convenience the title is generally shortened to Hanse, but the initial capital is retained, not least to prevent confusion with other hanses.

Etymology 2Edit

Compare French anse ‎(handle), anse de panier ‎(surbased arch, flat arch, vault), and English haunch ‎(hip).


hanse ‎(plural hanses)

  1. (architecture) That part of an elliptical or many-centred arch which has the shorter radius and immediately adjoins the impost.
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