From Middle English hanse, from Old French hanse (“guild; guild fee”), from Medieval Latin hansa, from Old High German hansa and Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌽𐍃𐌰 (hansa, “company or band of soldiers; a gang of men”), both cognate with Old English hōs (“company, retinue, escorts”), all believed to derive from Proto-Germanic *hansō (“gathering; coalition; gang of men”) or Proto-Indo-European *ḱómsōd (“union; gathering”), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (“beside, by, with, along”) + *sed- (“to sit”). In reference to the Hanseatic League, via German Hanse.
Hanse (plural Hanses)
- (historical) A merchant guild, particularly the Fellowship of London Merchants (the "Old Hanse") given a monopoly on London's foreign trade by the Normans or its successor, the Company of Merchant Adventurers (the "New Hanse"), incorporated in 1497 and chartered under Henry VII and Elizabeth I.
- (historical) The rights and privileges of such guilds, particularly their trade monopolies.
- (historical) A commercial association of Scottish free burghs in the Middle Ages.
- (historical) The Hanseatic League: a commercial association of German towns in the Middle Ages.
- (historical) Alternative form of , the fees payable to a Hanse or its guildhall.
In reference to the cities of the Hanseatic League taken collectively, used as "the Hanses".
- (merchant guild): See guild
- (league of German cities): See Hanseatic League
- (fees or residence): See hanse and guildhall
From Middle Low German hanse (“guild; Hanseatic League”), from Middle High German hanse (“guild”), from Old High German hansa (“group; community; guild”), from Proto-Germanic *hansō. The general commercial sense of the word spread northward from southern Germany during the Middle Ages. The specification of the word to the indicated historic confederation is based on northern German usage.
Hanse f (genitive Hanse, plural Hansen)
- (historical) a kind of commercial, and sometimes military, confederation of cities in the later Middle Ages; in particular the Hanseatic League of northern Germany
- (by analogy) any similar confederation based first and foremost on commercial interests