FinnishEdit

 
Pine (honka) forest

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *honka, of unknown further origin. Cognates include Estonian hong.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhoŋkɑ/, [ˈho̞ŋkɑ]
  • Rhymes: -oŋkɑ
  • Syllabification(key): hon‧ka

NounEdit

honka

  1. A large pine tree with a straight trunk.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of honka (Kotus type 10*G/koira, nk-ng gradation)
nominative honka hongat
genitive hongan honkien
partitive honkaa honkia
illative honkaan honkiin
singular plural
nominative honka hongat
accusative nom. honka hongat
gen. hongan
genitive hongan honkien
honkainrare
partitive honkaa honkia
inessive hongassa hongissa
elative hongasta hongista
illative honkaan honkiin
adessive hongalla hongilla
ablative hongalta hongilta
allative hongalle hongille
essive honkana honkina
translative hongaksi hongiksi
instructive hongin
abessive hongatta hongitta
comitative honkineen
Possessive forms of honka (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person honkani honkamme
2nd person honkasi honkanne
3rd person honkansa

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


IngrianEdit

 
Honkia.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *honka. Cognates include Finnish honka and Estonian hong.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

honka

  1. large and straight pine

DeclensionEdit

Declension of honka (type 3/koira, nk-ng gradation)
singular plural
nominative honka hongat
genitive hongan honkiin
partitive honkaa honkia
illative honkaa honkii
inessive hongaas hongiis
elative hongast hongist
allative hongalle hongille
adessive hongaal hongiil
ablative hongalt hongilt
translative hongaks hongiks
essive honkanna, honkaan honkinna, honkiin
exessive1) honkant honkint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Votic: honkõ

ReferencesEdit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 67

KarelianEdit

Regional variants of honka
North Karelian
(Viena)
honka
South Karelian
(Tver)
honga

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *honka. Cognates include Finnish honka and Estonian hong.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhoŋkɑ/
  • Hyphenation: hon‧ka

NounEdit

honka (genitive honkan, partitive honkua)

  1. (North Karelian) dead, dry pine tree

DeclensionEdit

Viena Karelian declension of honka (type 5/koira, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative honka honkat
genitive honkan honkien
partitive honkua honkie
illative honkah honkih
inessive honkašša honkissa
elative honkašta honkista
adessive honkalla honkilla
ablative honkalta honkilta
translative honkakši honkiksi
essive honkana honkina
comitative honkineh
comitative honkatta honkitta
Possessive forms of honka
1st person honkani
2nd person honkaš
3rd person honkah
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

ReferencesEdit

  • P. M. Zaykov et al. (2015), “сосна”, in Venäjä-Viena Šanakirja [Russian-Viena Karelian Dictionary], →ISBN