- horrour (UK, hypercorrect spelling or archaic)
Borrowed from Old French horror, from Latin horror (“a bristling, a shaking, trembling as with cold or fear, terror”), from horrere (“to bristle, shake, be terrified”).
horror (countable and uncountable, plural horrors)
- (countable, uncountable) An intense painful emotion of fear or repugnance.
- (countable) An intense dislike or aversion; an abhorrence.
- (uncountable) A genre of fiction, meant to evoke a feeling of fear and suspense.
1898 July 3, Philadelphia Inquirer, page 22:
- The Home Magazine for July (Binghamton and New York) contains ‘The Patriots' War Chant,’ a poem by Douglas Malloch; ‘The Story of the War,’ by Theodore Waters; ‘A Horseman in the Sky,’ by Ambrose Bierce, with a portrait of Mr. Bierce, whose tales of horror are horrible of themselves, not as war is horrible; ‘A Yankee Hero,’ by W. L. Calver; ‘The Warfare of the Future,’ by Louis Seemuller; ‘Florence Nightingale,’ by Susan E. Dickenson, with two rare portraits, etc.
1917 February 11, New York Times, Book reviews, page 52:
- Those who enjoy horror, stories overflowing with blood and black mystery, will be grateful to Richard Marsh for writing ‘The Beetle.’
- 1947, Dracula (1931) re-release poster, tagline:
- A Nightmare of Horror!
- (informal) An intense anxiety or a nervous depression; this sense can also be spoken or written as the horrors.
intense painful fear or repugnance
- Japanese: 恐怖 (ja) (きょうふ, kyōfu), 恐れ (ja) (おそれ, osore)
- Korean: 공포 (ko) (gongpo), 무서움 (ko) (museoum), 두려움 (ko) (duryeoum)
- Portuguese: horror (pt) m
- Russian: у́жас (ru) m (úžas), страх (ru) m (strax), боя́знь (ru) f (bojáznʹ)
- Spanish: horror (es) m
- Swedish: skräck (sv) c, fruktan (sv) c, fasa (sv) c
- Ukrainian: жах m (žax), страх (uk) m (strax)
- Vietnamese: sự khiếp (vi), sự ghê rợn (vi)
intense dislike or aversion
informal: intense anxiety
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
From horreo + -or.
horror m (genitive horrōris); third declension
- bristling (standing on end)
- shaking, shivering, chill
- dread, terror, horror
- horror in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- horror in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- du Cange, Charles (1883), “horror”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
Borrowed from Latin horror, horrorem.
Cf. also the popular Old Spanish horrura, inherited from a derivative of the Latin or with a change of suffix, and taking on the meaning of "dirtiness, filth, impurity, scum"; comparable to derivatives of horridus in other Romance languages, like Italian ordo, Old French ord, French ordure, Old Catalan hòrreu, horresa, Old Provençal orre, orrezeza, Romanian urdoare.
horror m (plural horrores)