- horrour (UK, hypercorrect spelling or archaic)
From Middle English horer, horrour, from Old French horror, from Latin horror (“a bristling, a shaking, trembling as with cold or fear, terror”), from horrere (“to bristle, shake, be terrified”).
horror (countable and uncountable, plural horrors)
- (countable, uncountable) An intense distressing emotion of fear or repugnance.
1712, Joseph Addison, Cato: A tragedy, published 1750, page 44:
Their swarthy Hosts wou'd darken all our Plains, / Doubling the native Horror of the War, / And making Death more grim.
- 2009, Devin Watson, Horror Screenwriting
- Could there be stories with more horror than these?
- (countable) An intense dislike or aversion; an abhorrence.
- (uncountable) A genre of fiction meant to evoke a feeling of fear and suspense.
1898 July 3, Philadelphia Inquirer, page 22:
The Home Magazine for July (Binghamton and New York) contains ‘The Patriots' War Chant,’ a poem by Douglas Malloch; ‘The Story of the War,’ by Theodore Waters; ‘A Horseman in the Sky,’ by Ambrose Bierce, with a portrait of Mr. Bierce, whose tales of horror are horrible of themselves, not as war is horrible; ‘A Yankee Hero,’ by W. L. Calver; ‘The Warfare of the Future,’ by Louis Seemuller; ‘Florence Nightingale,’ by Susan E. Dickenson, with two rare portraits, etc.
1917 February 11, New York Times, Book reviews, page 52:
Those who enjoy horror, stories overflowing with blood and black mystery, will be grateful to Richard Marsh for writing ‘The Beetle.’
- Something horrible; that which excites horror.
- I saw many horrors during the war.
- (colloquial) A nasty or ill-behaved person; a rascal or terror.
- The neighbour's kids are a pack of little horrors!
- (informal) An intense anxiety or a nervous depression; often the horrors.
intense distressing fear or repugnance
- Belarusian: жах m (žax), страх m (strax)
- Bulgarian: ужас (bg) m (užas), страх (bg) m (strah)
- Catalan: horror m
- Mandarin: 恐怖 (zh) (kǒngbù), 恐懼 (zh), 恐惧 (zh) (kǒngjù)
- Danish: gru, rædsel
- Dutch: gruwel (nl) m
- Estonian: õudus (et)
- Finnish: kauhu (fi), kammo (fi), hirveys (fi)
- French: horreur (fr) m, effroi (fr) m
- Galician: horror m
- German: Angst (de) f, Furcht (de) f, Horror (de) m, Grauen (de) n, Greuel (de) m
- Irish: uafás m
- Japanese: 恐怖 (ja) (きょうふ, kyōfu), 恐れ (ja) (おそれ, osore)
- Korean: 공포 (ko) (gongpo), 무서움 (ko) (museoum), 두려움 (ko) (duryeoum)
- Macedonian: ужас m (užas)
- Norwegian: gru, redsel (no)
- Portuguese: horror (pt) m
- Russian: у́жас (ru) m (úžas), страх (ru) m (strax), боя́знь (ru) f (bojáznʹ)
- Spanish: horror (es) m
- Swedish: skräck (sv) c, fruktan (sv) c, fasa (sv) c
- Ukrainian: жах m (žax), страх (uk) m (strax)
- Vietnamese: sự khiếp (vi), sự ghê rợn (vi)
intense dislike or aversion
informal: intense anxiety
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
Borrowed from Latin horror, horrorem.
Cf. also the popular Old Spanish horrura, inherited from a derivative of the Latin or with a change of suffix, and taking on the meaning of "dirtiness, filth, impurity, scum"; comparable to derivatives of horridus in other Romance languages, like Italian ordo, Old French ord, French ordure, Old Catalan hòrreu, horresa, Old Occitan orre, orrezeza, Romanian urdoare.
horror m (plural horrores)