Latin Edit

Etymology Edit

From ab- (from, away from) +‎ horreō (tremble; dread).

Pronunciation Edit

Verb Edit

abhorreō (present infinitive abhorrēre, perfect active abhorruī, supine abhorritum); second conjugation

  1. I abhor, shudder at, recoil or shrink back from.
    Synonyms: abōminor, dēspuō, exsecror
    Antonyms: amō, dīligō
  2. I am averse or disinclined to.
  3. I am free from.
  4. (by extension) I am inconsistent or do not agree with, vary or differ from.
    Synonyms: dissideō, dissentiō, variō, discordō, differō
    Antonyms: concordō, condīcō, conveniō, congruō, cōnsentiō, assentiō, concurrō, cōnstō, pangō

Conjugation Edit

  • Passive forms, including personal, occur post-Classically.
   Conjugation of abhorreō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abhorreō abhorrēs abhorret abhorrēmus abhorrētis abhorrent
imperfect abhorrēbam abhorrēbās abhorrēbat abhorrēbāmus abhorrēbātis abhorrēbant
future abhorrēbō abhorrēbis abhorrēbit abhorrēbimus abhorrēbitis abhorrēbunt
perfect abhorruī abhorruistī abhorruit abhorruimus abhorruistis abhorruērunt,
pluperfect abhorrueram abhorruerās abhorruerat abhorruerāmus abhorruerātis abhorruerant
future perfect abhorruerō abhorrueris abhorruerit abhorruerimus abhorrueritis abhorruerint
passive present abhorreor abhorrēris,
abhorrētur abhorrēmur abhorrēminī abhorrentur
imperfect abhorrēbar abhorrēbāris,
abhorrēbātur abhorrēbāmur abhorrēbāminī abhorrēbantur
future abhorrēbor abhorrēberis,
abhorrēbitur abhorrēbimur abhorrēbiminī abhorrēbuntur
perfect abhorritus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect abhorritus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect abhorritus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abhorream abhorreās abhorreat abhorreāmus abhorreātis abhorreant
imperfect abhorrērem abhorrērēs abhorrēret abhorrērēmus abhorrērētis abhorrērent
perfect abhorruerim abhorruerīs abhorruerit abhorruerīmus abhorruerītis abhorruerint
pluperfect abhorruissem abhorruissēs abhorruisset abhorruissēmus abhorruissētis abhorruissent
passive present abhorrear abhorreāris,
abhorreātur abhorreāmur abhorreāminī abhorreantur
imperfect abhorrērer abhorrērēris,
abhorrērētur abhorrērēmur abhorrērēminī abhorrērentur
perfect abhorritus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect abhorritus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abhorrē abhorrēte
future abhorrētō abhorrētō abhorrētōte abhorrentō
passive present abhorrēre abhorrēminī
future abhorrētor abhorrētor abhorrentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives abhorrēre abhorruisse abhorritūrum esse abhorrērī abhorritum esse abhorritum īrī
participles abhorrēns abhorritūrus abhorritus abhorrendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
abhorrendī abhorrendō abhorrendum abhorrendō abhorritum abhorritū

Derived terms Edit

Related terms Edit

Descendants Edit

  • Vulgar Latin: *abhorrīre (see there for further descendants)
  • English: abhor
  • French: abhorrer

References Edit

  • abhorreo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • abhorreo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • abhorreo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • something offends my instincts, goes against the grain: aliquid a sensibus meis abhorret
    • to be probable: a vero non abhorrere
    • to have no taste for the fine arts: abhorrere ab artibus (opp. delectari artibus)
    • the expression is not in accordance with Latin usage: aliquid a consuetudine sermonis latini abhorret, alienum est
    • to have no presentiment of a thing: a suspicione alicuius rei abhorrere
    • to have an inclination for a thing: propensum, proclivem esse ad aliquid (opp. alienum, aversum esse, abhorrere ab aliqua re)
    • something is contrary to my moral sense, goes against my principles: aliquid abhorret a meis moribus (opp. insitum [atque innatum] est animo or in animo alicuius)