Contents

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *hostipotis, an old compound of hostis and the root of potis. The only direct Indo-European cognate is Common Slavic *gospodь (lord, master), which would render the supposed Proto-Indo-European reconstruction as *gʰost(i)potis, a compound of *gʰóstis (whence hostis) and *pótis (whence potis).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hospes m (genitive hospitis); third declension

  1. host
  2. guest, visitor
  3. stranger; foreigner

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative hospes hospitēs
genitive hospitis hospitum
dative hospitī hospitibus
accusative hospitem hospitēs
ablative hospite hospitibus
vocative hospes hospitēs

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • hospes in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hospes in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • HOSPES in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • hospes” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • hospes in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 291