hospes

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic, an old compound of hostis and the root of potis. The only direct Indo-European cognate is Common Slavic *gospodь (lord, master), which would render the supposed Proto-Indo-European reconstruction as *gʰost(i)potis, a compound of *gʰóstis (whence hostis) and *pótis (whence potis).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hospes m (genitive hospitis); third declension

  1. host
  2. guest, visitor
  3. stranger; foreigner

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative hospes hospitēs
genitive hospitis hospitum
dative hospitī hospitibus
accusative hospitem hospitēs
ablative hospite hospitibus
vocative hospes hospitēs

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 291
Last modified on 1 April 2014, at 18:45