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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French immun, from Latin immūnis (exempt from public service), from in- (not) + mūnus (service)

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

immune (comparative more immune, superlative most immune)

  1. (usually with "from") Exempt; not subject to.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, “2/9/1”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days[1]:
      He had always been remarkably immune from such little ailments, and had only once in his life been ill, of a vicious pneumonia long ago at school. He hadn't the faintest idea what to with a cold in the head, he just took quinine and continued to blow his nose.
    As a diplomat, you are immune from prosecution.
  2. (medicine, usually with "to") Protected by inoculation, or due to innate resistance to pathogens.
    I am immune to chicken pox.
  3. (by extension) Not vulnerable.
    Alas, he was immune to my charms.
  4. (medicine) Of or pertaining to the immune system.
    • 2013 May-June, Katrina G. Claw, “Rapid Evolution in Eggs and Sperm”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3:
      Many genes with reproductive roles also have antibacterial and immune functions, which indicate that the threat of microbial attack on the sperm or egg may be a major influence on rapid evolution during reproduction.
    We examined the patient's immune response.

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

immune (plural immunes)

  1. (epidemiology) A person who is not susceptible to infection by a particular disease
    • 1965, Rene J. Dubos & James G. Hirsch, editors, Bacterial and Mycotic Infections of Man[2], page 742:
      Susceptibles effectively exposed to cases become cases in the next time period; cases recovering from the infection accumulate as immunes.

Coordinate termsEdit

VerbEdit

immune (third-person singular simple present immunes, present participle immuning, simple past and past participle immuned)

  1. (rare, transitive) To make immune.
    • Thomas Hardy
      In the seventies those who met me did not know / Of the vision / That immuned me from the chillings of mis-prision []
    • 1905, American Veterinary Medical Association, Journal (volume 29, page 42)
      The utilization of such milk will, however, necessitate an adaptable milk preservation method, through which the immuning agents will not be destroyed or diminished.

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin immūnis (exempt from public service).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

immune (masculine and feminine plural immunes)

  1. immune

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

AdjectiveEdit

immune

  1. inflected form of immun

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin immūnis (exempt from public service).

AdjectiveEdit

immune (masculine and feminine plural immuni)

  1. immune, exempt, free, unscathed
    Synonyms: esente, libero

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit