Open main menu



Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Italic *moinos.

Like mūnia (duties), it is derived from Proto-Indo-European *moy-nós, from *mey- (change, swap). As is the case with such derivatives as "municipality", and "immunity", the concept of trading goods and services in a way that conforms to a society's laws is quite pertinent to this term. From the addition of the "com-" prefix came commūnis (common, public), which is cognate to Old High German gimeini, Old English gemǣne, Old Dutch gimēni and Old Saxon gimēni.



mūnus n (genitive mūneris); third declension

  1. a service, office, employment
  2. a burden, duty, obligation
  3. a service, favor
  4. a spectacle, public show
  5. a gift


Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mūnus mūnera
Genitive mūneris mūnerum
Dative mūnerī mūneribus
Accusative mūnus mūnera
Ablative mūnere mūneribus
Vocative mūnus mūnera

Derived termsEdit



  • munus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • munus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • munus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • munus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to give a gladiatorial show: munus gladiatorium edere, dare (or simply munus edere, dare)
    • to live a perfect life: virtutis perfectae perfecto munere fungi (Tusc. 1. 45. 109)
    • banished from public life: rei publicae muneribus orbatus
    • to perform official duties: munus administrare, gerere
    • to perform official duties: munere fungi, muneri praeesse
    • to appoint some one to an office: muneri aliquem praeficere, praeponere
    • to fulfil the duties of one's position: munus explere, sustinere
    • to remove a person from his office: abrogare alicui munus (Verr. 2. 57)
    • a man who has held many offices: honoribus ac reipublicae muneribus perfunctus (De Or. 1. 45)
  • munus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • munus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin