Like munia ("duties"), it is derived from Proto-Indo-European *(e)meyǝ- ("change, swap"). As is the case with such derivatives as "municipality", and "immunity", the concept of trading goods and services in a way that conforms to a society's laws is quite pertinent to this term. From the addition of the "co-" prefix came "communis" ("common, public"), which is cognate to the Old High German "gimeini", Old English "gemǣne", Old Dutch "gimēni" and Old Saxon "gimēni."


Alternative formsEdit


mūnus n ‎(genitive mūneris); third declension

  1. a service, office, employment
  2. a burden, duty, obligation
  3. a service, favor
  4. a spectacle, public show
  5. a gift


Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative mūnus mūnera
genitive mūneris mūnerum
dative mūnerī mūneribus
accusative mūnus mūnera
ablative mūnere mūneribus
vocative mūnus mūnera

Derived termsEdit


  • munus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
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