ke- -an

See also: kean

IndonesianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Malay ke- -an, from Classical Malay ke- -an, from Proto-Austronesian *ka- -an (compare Tagalog ka- -an).

CircumfixEdit

ke- -an

  1. -ness; appended to adjectives to form nouns meaning "the state of (the adjective)", "the quality of (the adjective)", or "the measure of (the adjective)"
    kebaratanwestness
    ketimuraneastness
    kebesaranhugeness
    kehausanthirst
  2. -ship; appended to a noun to form a new noun denoting a property or state of being, time spent in a role, or a specialised union.
    kepemimpinanleadership
  3. -dom; Forming nouns denoting the domain or jurisdiction of the suffixed word.
    kerajaankingdom
  4. -ity; Used to form a noun from an adjective; especially, to form the noun referring to the state, property, or quality of conforming to the adjective's description.
    keelastisanelasticity

Etymology 2Edit

From Betawi ke- -an

CircumfixEdit

ke- -an

  1. Added to a noun to create a verb
    1. meaning "to suffer" or "to get"
      racun (poison) + ‎ke- -an → ‎keracunan
  2. Added to a verb
    1. meaning "to suffer" or "to get"
      ciprat + ‎ke- -an → ‎kecipratan

Usage notesEdit

Sometimes denoted as informal or colloquial.

Etymology 3Edit

From Javanese ke- -en.

  1. Added to an adjective
    1. meaning "very" or "exceed"
      sempit + ‎ke- -an → ‎kesempitan
  2. Added to an adverb to create an adjective
    1. meaning "very" or "exceed"
      kecil (small) + ‎ke- -an → ‎kekecilan
  3. Added to a noun to create an adjective
    1. meaning "very" or "exceed"
      malam (night) + ‎ke- -an → ‎kemalaman

Usage notesEdit

Usually denoted as colloquial (cakapan).

Derived termsEdit


MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Austronesian *ka- -an (compare Tagalog ka- -an).

PronunciationEdit

CircumfixEdit

ke- -an

  1. -ness; appended to adjectives to form nouns meaning "the state of (the adjective)", "the quality of (the adjective)", or "the measure of (the adjective)"
    kebaratanwestness
    ketimuraneastness
    kebesaranhugeness