kerajaan

Brunei MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ke- +‎ raja +‎ -an. Either cognate with or derived from Malay kerajaan

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kə.ra.d͡ʒa.ʔan/
  • (contraction) IPA(key): /kra.d͡ʒa.ʔan/

NounEdit

kerajaan

  1. government of a country or state

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Malay kerajaan, from Classical Malay kerajaan (royal, become king), equivalent to ke- +‎ raja +‎ -an.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kəraˈd͡ʒaan]
  • Hyphenation: kê‧ra‧ja‧an

NounEdit

kêrajaan (plural, first-person possessive kerajaanku, second-person possessive kerajaanmu, third-person possessive kerajaannya)

  1. kingdom
    1. A realm having a king and/or queen as its actual or nominal sovereign.
    2. (taxonomy) A rank in the classification of organisms, below domain and above phylum; a taxon at that rank
  2. (obsolete) kingship

SynonymsEdit

  • (nation having as supreme ruler) monarki

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

kêrajaan

  1. (obsolete) to become a king
    Jika ia kerajaan, tiada akan sempurna negeri ini.If he becomes a king, this nation will never be perfect.

Usage notesEdit

The word is part of false friends between Standard Malay and Indonesian due to shared etymology. The Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore usage can be seen in Malay kerajaan.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

ke- +‎ raja +‎ -an

NounEdit

kerajaan (Jawi spelling کراجاءن‎, plural kerajaan-kerajaan, informal 1st possessive kerajaanku, impolite 2nd possessive kerajaanmu, 3rd possessive kerajaannya)

  1. (Brunei, Malaysia) government (an organisation which has the power to enact and legislate laws within its area of jurisdiction)
  2. kingdom

Usage notesEdit

Further readingEdit