- 1 English
- 2 Danish
- 3 French
- 4 German
- 5 Swedish
From Middle English -cioun, borrowing from Old French -tion, -cion, borrowed from the stem of Latin -tiō. The Middle English -cioun became -tion in Modern English under the influence of the Middle French -tion and original Latin spellings.
- (non-productive) Used to form nouns meaning "the action of (a verb)" or "the result of (a verb)". Words ending in this suffix are almost always derived from a similar Latin word; a few (eg. gumption, starvation) are not derived from Latin and are unrelated to any verb.
- (Can we add an example for this sense?)
- -tion at OneLook Dictionary Search
- -tion; making nouns.
Borrowed as a learned form from Latin suffix Latin -tiōne or -tiōnem, ending of the singular ablative or accusative of those nouns ending with -tiō (part of the Latin third declension). The original inherited form of the suffix, -on/-son (or -aison from -ātionem), is today less common but can be found in words such as raison, saison, chanson, venaison, oraison, garnison, etc.
- IPA(key): /sjɔ̃/
- IPA(key): /tjɔ̃/ (if previous letter is "s", as in "digestion", "question", "combustion", etc.)
- Rhymes: -ɔ̃
- Used to indicate action, condition, result or effect, similar to the English suffix.
- -ation (different (surface) analysis)
- IPA(key): /-ˈtsi̯oːn/, [-ˈt͡sjoːn], [-t͡siˈoːn]
- The pronunciation with a syllabic [i] is virtually obsolete, thus one may simply transcribe /-ˈtsjoːn/.
-tion f (genitive -tion, plural -tionen)
- -tion in Duden online, -tion in Duden online, -tion in Duden online (doesn't have -ion, -ition)
- “-ation” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache (doesn't have -tion, -ion, -ition)
- canoo.net: Noun derivation: Foreign suffixes (does have -ation, -ition and doesn't have -ion, -tion)