See also: Lemur, lémur, and lemúr

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin lemurēs pl (spirits of the dead). The name was originally given to the slender loris (then Lemur tardigradus) in 1754 by Carl Linnaeus. According to Linnaeus, the name was selected because of the nocturnal activity and slow movements of the slender loris. In 1758, Linnaeus added—among others—the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) to the genus Lemur. All other species, including the slender loris, were eventually moved to other genera. In time, the word became the colloquial name for all primates endemic to Madagascar.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lemur (plural lemurs)

  1. (colloquial) Any strepsirrhine primate of the infraorder Lemuriformes, superfamily Lemuroidea, native only to Madagascar and some surrounding islands.
  2. Any of the genus Lemur, represented by the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta).
    • Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturæ[2], volume 1, 10 edition, Stockholm, Sweden: Laurentius Salvius, pages 29–30
  3. (obsolete) A loris (Lemur tardigradus, now Loris tardigradus), predating the 10th edition of Systema Naturæ.
    • 1754, Linnaeus, C., Museum Adolphi Friderici Regis[3], Stockholm, Sweden: Typographia Regia, page 3–4:
      "Lemures dixi hos, quod noctu imprimis obambulant, hominibus quodanmodo similes, & lento passu vagantur."
      [I call them lemurs, because they go around mainly by night, in a certain way similar to humans, and roam with a slow pace.]

Usage notesEdit

The taxonomy is currently disputed, see   Taxonomy of lemurs on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ A. R. Dunkel; J. S. Zijlstra; C. P. Groves (2011/2012) , “Giant Rabbits, Marmosets, and British Comedies: Etymology of Lemur Names, Part 1”, in Lemur News[1], volume 16, archived from the original on 6 November 2016, retrieved 11 April 2013, pages 64–70.

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lemur m anim

  1. lemur

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


IcelandicEdit

VerbEdit

lemur (weak)

  1. second-person singular present indicative of lemja
  2. third-person singular present indicative of lemja

PolishEdit

NounEdit

lemur m anim

  1. lemur (primate)

DeclensionEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /lěmuːr/
  • Hyphenation: le‧mur

NounEdit

lèmūr m (Cyrillic spelling лѐмӯр)

  1. lemur

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin lemures (spirits).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lemur c

  1. a lemur

DeclensionEdit

Declension of lemur 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lemur lemuren lemurer lemurerna
Genitive lemurs lemurens lemurers lemurernas