See also: Gast and gäst

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English gasten, from Old English gǣstan. Also spelled ghast due to association with ghost.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gast (third-person singular simple present gasts, present participle gasting, simple past and past participle gasted)

  1. (obsolete) To frighten
    And be not so a-gast, for shame! —Geoffrey Chaucer, The House of Fame
    Or whether gasted by the noise I made, full suddenly he fled. —William Shakespeare, King Lear

AnagramsEdit


BretonEdit

NounEdit

gast f

  1. (vulgar, pejorative) whore, bitch

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *gast, from Proto-Germanic *gastiz.

NounEdit

gast m (plural gasten, diminutive gastje n)

  1. guest
  2. (chiefly in combinations) knave, worker, apprentice, delivery boy
  3. (colloquial) dude, chap
SynonymsEdit
  • genodigde
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

gast

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of gassen
  2. plural imperative of gassen

GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

gast

  1. Romanization of 𐌲𐌰𐍃𐍄

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From (West) Proto-Germanic *gaistaz. Cognate with Old Frisian gāst, Old Saxon gēst, Dutch geest, Old High German geist (German Geist). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeysd-, *ǵʰisd- (anger, agitation).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

gāst m

  1. A soul, spirit, breath
    • Ne ne is gāst on mūþe heora. — There is not breath in their mouths.
    • Se gāst is hræd. — The spirit is nimble.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • gāstan — to meditate
  • gāstberend (æ) m — living soul, man.
  • gāstbona m — soul-slayer, the Devil
  • gāstbrūcende — practicing in the spirit
  • gāstcofa m — breast
  • gāstcund — spiritual
  • gāstcwalu f — torment, pains of hell
  • gāstcyning m. soul's king, God
  • gāstedom — spirituality
  • gāstgedāl n — death
  • gāstgehygd n — thought
  • gāstgemynd n — thought
  • gāstgenīþla m — devil
  • gāstgerȳne n — spiritual mystery: thought, consideration.
  • gāstgewinn n — soul-torment, pains of hell
  • gāstgifu f — special gift of the Holy Spirit (gift of tongues)
  • gāsthālig — holy in spirit, holy.
  • gāstlēas — lifeless, dead, ghostless
  • gāstlic — spiritual, holy; clerical, ghastly, spectral
  • gāstlīce — spiritually, ghostly
  • gāstlufu f — spiritual love
  • gāstsunu m — spiritual son, Christ

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

gast m (oblique plural gasz, nominative singular gasz, nominative plural gast)

  1. destruction

DescendantsEdit


Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Proto-Germanic *gastiz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰóstis, whence also Old Norse gestr.

NounEdit

gast m

  1. A guest

Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

Proto-Germanic *gastiz, whence also Old English ġiest.

NounEdit

gast m

  1. guest

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

gast c

  1. A crew member on a ship
  2. (archaic or poetic, dialect) A ghost

DeclensionEdit


WelshEdit

NounEdit

gast f (plural geist)

  1. (vulgar, pejorative) bitch

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gast ast ngast unchanged
Last modified on 28 March 2014, at 00:14