See also: Lutra and lutră

EsperantoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lutra (accusative singular lutran, plural lutraj, accusative plural lutrajn)

  1. lutrine

HypernymsEdit

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

 
lutra (an otter)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *utrā, from Proto-Indo-European *udréh₂, the feminine form of *udrós, from the root *wed-. The source of the initial l- is unclear. It may have arisen by connection with lavō (wash), lupus (wolf) (interpreting otters as "water wolves") or lūdō (play) (referring to the playfulness of otters).

Cognate with Ancient Greek ἔνυδρις (énudris), Sanskrit उद्र (udra), Lithuanian ūdra, English otter, Russian выдра (vydra).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lutra f (genitive lutrae); first declension

  1. an otter
    • c. 77 CE – 79 CE, Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia 8.109:
      Eāsdem partēs sibi ipsī Ponticī amputant fibrī perīculō urgente, ob hoc sē petī gnārī; castoreum id vocant medicī. Aliās animal horrendī morsūs arborēs iuxtā flūmina ut ferrō caedit, hominis parte conprehēnsā nōn ante quam frācta concrepuerint ossa morsūs resolvit. Cauda piscium hīs, cētera speciēs lutrae. Utrumque aquāticum, utrīque mollior plūmā pilus.
      Pontic beavers cut off their same parts in urgent danger, on account of which they are known to be hunted; doctors call this castor. Other times, the animal with an awesome bite fells trees near rivers as if with iron, they don't let go of their bites when a part of a human is caught until the bones crack broken. These have a fish's tail, the rest of the appearance is of an otter. Both aquatic, the hair of both softer than fluff.

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lutra lutrae
Genitive lutrae lutrārum
Dative lutrae lutrīs
Accusative lutram lutrās
Ablative lutrā lutrīs
Vocative lutra lutrae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • lūtra”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lutra in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lutra in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

AnagramsEdit


RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • ludra (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin lutra.

NounEdit

lutra f (plural lutras)

  1. (Puter, Vallader) otter