See also: úter

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

For *cuter, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷóteros, from *kʷos (which), ultimately from *kʷ-. See also Ancient Greek πότερος (póteros, which of the two) and English whether.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

uter (feminine utra, neuter utrum); first/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er, pronominal)

  1. (interrogative) "Which?" (of two)
  2. (relative) whichever (of two)
  3. (indefinite) either
  4. both
Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er, pronominal).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative uter utra utrum utrī utrae utra
Genitive utrī̆us utrōrum utrārum utrōrum
Dative utrī utrīs
Accusative utrum utram utrum utrōs utrās utra
Ablative utrō utrā utrō utrīs
Vocative uter utra utrum utrī utrae utra
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

For *udris, from Proto-Indo-European *wed- (water). Compare with Ancient Greek ὑδρία (hudría, water-pot, pitcher). Related to vitrum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

uter m (genitive utris); third declension

  1. wine or water skin or bottle
  2. bag made of hide (inflated for flotation)
Declension edit
  • Note: although the nominative and accusative plural was normally the masculine utrēs, the rare alternative neuter plural utria is also attested.

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative uter utrēs
utria
Genitive utris utrium
Dative utrī utribus
Accusative utrem utrīs
utrēs
utria
Ablative utre utribus
Vocative uter utrēs
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Aromanian: utri
  • Catalan: odre
  • French: outre
  • Galician: odre
  • Italian: otre
  • Piedmontese: oiro
  • Portuguese: odre
  • Sicilian: utri
  • Spanish: odre

References edit

  • uter”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • uter”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • uter in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to offer a person the alternative of... or..: optionem alicui dare, utrum...an
    • (ambiguous) it is a debated point whether... or..: in contentione ponitur, utrum...an
  • uter”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “uter”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 646-647

Old High German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *ūdarą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ewHdʰr̥-, *h₁ówHdʰr̥, *h₁uHdʰr̥- (udder).

Noun edit

ūter n

  1. udder

Descendants edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin uterus, French utérus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

uter n (plural utere)

  1. (anatomy) uterus

Declension edit