From Proto-Indo-European *merk- (to decay).



marceō (present infinitive marcēre, perfect active marcuī); second conjugation, no passive, no supine stem

  1. I wither, droop, shrink, shrivel.
    • Seneca, De Providentia
      Marcet sine adversario virtus.
      Valour without an adversary withers.
  2. I am faint, weak, lazy or languid.


   Conjugation of marceō (second conjugation, no supine stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present marceō marcēs marcet marcēmus marcētis marcent
imperfect marcēbam marcēbās marcēbat marcēbāmus marcēbātis marcēbant
future marcēbō marcēbis marcēbit marcēbimus marcēbitis marcēbunt
perfect marcuī marcuistī marcuit marcuimus marcuistis marcuērunt,
pluperfect marcueram marcuerās marcuerat marcuerāmus marcuerātis marcuerant
future perfect marcuerō marcueris marcuerit marcuerimus marcueritis marcuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present marceam marceās marceat marceāmus marceātis marceant
imperfect marcērem marcērēs marcēret marcērēmus marcērētis marcērent
perfect marcuerim marcuerīs marcuerit marcuerīmus marcuerītis marcuerint
pluperfect marcuissem marcuissēs marcuisset marcuissēmus marcuissētis marcuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present marcē marcēte
future marcētō marcētō marcētōte marcentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives marcēre marcuisse
participles marcēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
marcendī marcendō marcendum marcendō

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • Catalan: marcir
  • Italian: marcire
  • Spanish: marcir
  • Vulgar Latin: *marcītus


  • marceo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • marceo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • marceo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette