English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English -et, from Old French -et.

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Used to form diminutives, loosely construed.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Albanian edit

Suffix edit

-et n

  1. Forms active verbs into mediopassive verbs. Indicating 3rd person singular, indicative, present: it is; (it) -s; (it) is -ing/-n/-ed/-t
    active verbs ending with consonant:
    merr (it takes) + -etmerret (it is taken)
    merret
    (it) is taken
    active verbs ending with vowels (adding -h in between to avoid palatalisation):
    (it lets, leaves) + -h + -etlihet (it is left)
    lihet vetëm
    it is left alone

See also edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Late Latin -ittus.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-et m (noun-forming suffix, plural -ets)

  1. forms diminutives or endearing variants of nouns
    llaç (knot, loop) + ‎-et → ‎llacet (diminutive)
    formatge (cheese) + ‎-et → ‎formatget (diminutive)
    rei (king) + ‎-et → ‎reiet (diminutive)
    roda (wheel) + ‎-et → ‎rodet (reel, spool)

Suffix edit

-et (adjective-forming suffix, feminine -eta, masculine plural -ets, feminine plural -etes)

  1. forms diminutives or endearing variants of adjectives
    poc (little) + ‎-et → ‎poquet (very little)

Derived terms edit

Danish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /əð/, [ð̩], [ð̩˕˗ˠ]

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Forms past participles of some verbs, like -t.
  2. Forms the definite singular of most neuter nouns.
  3. Forms adjectives from nouns with the sense of "like [noun]"; -esque.
    snerpe (prude) + ‎-et → ‎snerpet (prudish)
  4. Forms adjectives from nouns with the sense of "having [noun], being equipped with [noun]".
    mønster (pattern) + ‎-et → ‎mønstret (patterned)
    to (two) + ‎sprog (language) + ‎-et → ‎tosproget (bilingual)

Derived terms edit

Emilian edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

-et (personal)

  1. (enclitic, after a consonant) Alternative form of et
  2. (enclitic, after a consonant) Alternative form of te

Related terms edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Middle French -et, from Old French -et, from Late Latin -ittus.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɛ/
  • (file)

Suffix edit

-et m (feminine -ette)

  1. suffix indicating diminution or affection

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • ? Galician: -ete, -eta
  • Spanish: -ete

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From -e- +‎ -t (causative suffix).

Suffix edit

-et

  1. (causative suffix) Added to a verb (or extremely rarely to a noun) to form a verb with a meaning of letting, making somebody do something or having something done to someone or something.
    Synonyms: -tat/-tet, -aszt/-eszt/-öszt, -jt/-ajt/-ejt, -ít, -dít, (obsolete in this sense) -t
    néz (to look) + ‎-et → ‎nézet (to have something (like a body part) looked at (by a doctor) or (less commonly) to make someone look at something)
    ég (to burn) (intransitive) + ‎-et → ‎éget (to make something burn or (less commonly) to have someone burn something)
    mér (to measure) + ‎-et → ‎méret (to make someone measure something or to have something measured)
Usage notes edit
  • (causative suffix) Variants:
    -at is added to back-vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    vár (to wait) + ‎-at → ‎várat (to have someone wait)
    -et is added to front-vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    kér (to ask for) + ‎-et → ‎kéret (to have someone ask(ed) for; to summon someone [by ordering a servant to fetch him/her])
    -tat is added to back-vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    tisztít (to clean) + ‎-tat → ‎tisztíttat (to have someone clean or to have something cleaned)
    -tet is added to front-vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    keres (to look for) + ‎-tet → ‎kerestet (to have someone look(ed) for)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From -e- +‎ -t (noun-forming suffix).

Suffix edit

-et (noun-forming suffix)

  1. Added to a verb to form a noun, expressing the result of the action or sometimes a more abstract relation (compare -ás/-és).
    Synonym: -mány/-mény
Usage notes edit
  • (noun-forming suffix) Variants:
    -at is added to back-vowel verbs
    gondol (to think) + ‎-at → ‎gondolat (a thought, an idea)
    mond (to say) + ‎-at → ‎mondat (sentence)
    -et is added to front-vowel verbs
    dicsér (to praise) + ‎-et → ‎dicséret (praise, commendation)
    él (to live) + ‎-et → ‎élet (life)
    ítél (to judge) + ‎-et → ‎ítélet (judgment)
    mér (to measure) + ‎-et → ‎méret (measurement, size)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
ed suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
case v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / -∅
az / -∅
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / -∅
azt / -∅
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
del. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
abl. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

From -e- (linking vowel) +‎ -t (accusative suffix).

Suffix edit

-et (accusative case suffix)

  1. Unrounded front-vowel variant of -t. See details there.
    kert (garden) + ‎-et → ‎kertet (garden)
    Láttam egy gyönyörű kertet.I saw a beautiful garden.
Usage notes edit
  • (accusative case suffix): It can be added to nouns, adjectives, numerals and pronouns. Whether a suffix-initial vowel (linking vowel) will be used is hard to predict and thus needs to be learned with each word. A rule of thumb, however, is that older and shorter words tend to incorporate a vowel, rather than simply use -t. Variants:
    -t is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final -o in foreign words changes to -ó-.
    -ot is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -at is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -et is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öt is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -∅ (zero form), optionally, after possessive suffixes, especially in the singular but sometimes also in the plural (and not infrequently after multiple-possession forms as well), except for the third-person singular (“his/her/its”, -ja/-je) as its omission would not reduce the number of syllables.
    Elviszem a kabátom(at/), kabátod(at/); kabátunk(at/∅), kabátotok(at/∅), kabátjuk(at/∅); kabátjaim(at/∅) etc.
    I’ll take my coat, your coat; our coat, [plural] your coat, their coat; my coats etc.
    It is also omitted usually from the accusative forms of first- and second-person singular personal pronouns (engem, téged (me, you)).

Etymology 4 edit

From -etik (passive-forming suffix), removing the ending.

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Combining form of -etik (passive-forming suffix) before all inflectional and derivational suffixes, except the dictionary form itself, the indefinite third-person singular present indicative
    küldetik (to be sent)küldetés (mission).
Usage notes edit

(combining forms of the passive-forming suffix) Variants: -at-, -et-, -tat-, -tet- (from -atik, -etik, -tatik, -tetik), as well as the tautological (doubly suffixed) forms -attat-, -ettet- (from -attatik, -ettetik). See more in the template of the full forms of this suffix.

See also edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-et

  1. third-person singular present active subjunctive of (first conjugation)

Middle English edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old French -et, and its feminine variant -ette, from Late Latin -ittus (and the other gender forms -itta, -ittum).

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Forms diminutive nouns from nouns; in some words, it has lost its original meaning.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Middle French edit

Etymology edit

From Old French -et.

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Used to form a diminutive, masculine noun.

Descendants edit

Northern Sami edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Samic *-ëjëtēk.

Pronunciation edit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈ-eh(t)/

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Forms momentane verbs.
    njuikut (to jump around) + ‎-et → ‎njuiket (to jump once)

Usage notes edit

  • This suffix triggers the strongest grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

Inflection edit

Contracted e-stem, no gradation
infinitive -et
1st sing. present -en
1st sing. past -ejin
infinitive -et action noun -en
present participle -ejeaddji action inessive -emin
-eme
past participle -en action elative -emis
agent participle action comitative -emiin
abessive -ekeahttá
present indicative past indicative imperative
1st singular -en -ejin -ejēhkon
2nd singular -et -ejit -e
3rd singular -e -ii -ejēhkos
1st dual -ejetne -iime -ejeadnu
-ejeahkku
2nd dual -ebeahtti -iide -ejeahkki
3rd dual -eba -iiga -ejēhkoska
1st plural -et -iimet -ejētnot
-ejēhkot
-ejeahkkot
-ejeadnot
2nd plural -ebēhtet -iidet -ejēhket
3rd plural -ejit -ejedje -ejēhkoset
connegative -e -en -e
conditional 1 conditional 2 potential
1st singular -ešin
-ešedjen
-elin
-eledjen
-ežan
2nd singular -ešit
-ešedjet
-elit
-eledjet
-ežat
3rd singular -ešii -elii -eža
-eš
1st dual -ešeimme -eleimme -ežetne
2nd dual -ešeidde -eleidde -ežeahppi
3rd dual -ešeigga -eleigga -ežeaba
1st plural -ešeimmet -eleimmet -ežit
-ežat
2nd plural -ešeiddet -eleiddet -ežēhpet
3rd plural -eše
-ešedje
-ele
-eledje
-ežit
connegative -eše -ele -eš

Derived terms edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse -it.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ə/
  • Reduced final -e is lost before the suffix; both forms are then pronounced the same (e.g. hode and hodet).

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Forms the definite singular of neuter nouns.
Related terms edit
  • det (article, pronoun; t also silent)
  • -t (adjective suffix; t pronounced)

Etymology 2 edit

From Danish -et (past participle suffix), generalised to the past tense (Danish -ede) through influence of native Norwegian dialects.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Forms the past tense and past participle of class-1 weak verbs.
    Synonym: -a

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse -óttr.

Noun edit

-et (definite singular and plural -ete)

  1. (pre-2012) alternative form of -ete

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Old English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *-atją, *-itją, *-utją.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-et n

  1. suffix forming nouns from verbs, adjectives, and other nouns (sometimes causes i-mutation)
    þēowotservice, religious service, ministry
    grafettrench
    bærneta burning, combustion, cauterizing
    emnetlevel ground, leveling
    þiccetthicket
    rēwetrowing; ship, row-boat
    rȳmetspace, clearance, extension
    swefet, sweofotsleep; sleeping
    þyrnetthicket of thorns, thorny place

Usage notes edit

Declension edit

Descendants edit

Old French edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Late Latin -ittus.

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Used to form a diminutive, masculine noun.
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin -ātus.

Suffix edit

-et

  1. (12th century and before) Alternative form of (suffix used to form past participles of regular -er verbs)

Romanian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin -ētum. Compare Italian -eto, French -aie.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-et n (plural -eturi or -ete)

  1. Used with plant or tree names to form names of orchards, woods, forests, or groves.
    brad (fir tree)brădet (fir-tree forest)
    ulm (elm)ulmet (elm forest)
    fag (beech)făget (beech forest)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Latin -itus. No longer productive.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /et/ (stressed on the antepenultimate)

Suffix edit

-et n (plural -ete)

  1. (unproductive) Used to form nouns derived from the action of some verbs.
    zâmbi (to smile)zâmbet (a smile)
    zbiera (to scream)zbieret (a scream)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Suffix for definite form singular of neuter nouns, especially if they end with consonant or a stressed vowel.
  2. Suffix for the neuter form of past participles of verbs belonging to the fourth declension (strong verbs). This may be analyzed as two morphemes: a combination of the suffix -en for past participle and -t for neuter, where the n of the first suffix disappears. Such an analysis is historically correct.

Synonyms edit

  • (nonstandard; slang) 1

Anagrams edit

Volapük edit

Suffix edit

-et

  1. Used to indicate a consequential or concrete example

Derived terms edit

Welsh edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-et

  1. (colloquial) verb suffix for the second-person singular conditional

Derived terms edit

Category Welsh terms suffixed with -et not found