-et

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French -et.

SuffixEdit

-et

  1. Used to form diminutives, loosely construed.

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit



CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ittus.

SuffixEdit

-et m ‎(masculine plural -ets, feminine -eta, feminine plural -etes)

  1. Suffix indicating diminution or affection.

Derived termsEdit



FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ittus.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-et m ‎(feminine -ette)

  1. Suffix indicating diminution or affection.

Derived termsEdit



HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-et

  1. Added to a verb to form a noun.
    él ‎(to live) → élet ‎(life)
    ítél ‎(to judge) → ítélet ‎(judgment)
    mér ‎(to measure) → méret ‎(size)
  2. Added to an occupation ending in -ész to form a collective noun.
    művész ‎(artist) → művészet ‎(art)
    lövész ‎(shooter) → lövészet ‎(shooting as a sport)
    kertész ‎(gardener) → kertészet ‎(gardening establishment)
    sebész ‎(surgeon) → sebészet ‎(surgery, as a department in a hospital or as the field of medicine)
  3. (accusative suffix) Used to form the accusative case.
    kert ‎(garden) → Láttam egy gyönyörű kertet. - I saw a beautiful garden.
  4. (causative suffix) Added to a verb (or extremely rarely to a noun) to form a verb with a meaning of let, make somebody do something.
    néz ‎(to look) → nézet ‎(to make someone look at something)
    ég ‎(to burn; intransitive) → éget ‎(to make something burn)
    mér ‎(to measure) → méret ‎(to make someone measure something)

Usage notesEdit

  • (accusative suffix): It can be added to nouns, adjectives, numerals and pronouns. Whether a suffix-initial vowel (linking vowel) will be used is hard to predict and thus needs to be learned with each word. A rule of thumb, however, is that older and shorter words tend to incorporate a vowel, rather than simply use -t. Variants:
    -t is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final -o in foreign words changes to -ó-.
    -ot is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -at is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -et is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öt is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (causative suffix) Variants:
    -at is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    vár ‎(to wait) → várat ‎(to have someone wait)
    -et is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    kér ‎(to ask for) → kéret ‎(to have someone ask for)
    -tat is added to back vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    tisztít ‎(to clean) → tisztíttat ‎(to have someone clean)
    -tet is added to front vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    keres ‎(to look for) → kerestet ‎(to have someone look for)

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-et

  1. third-person singular present active subjunctive of

Middle FrenchEdit

SuffixEdit

-et

  1. Used to form a diminutive, masculine noun.

Northern SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Samic *-ëjëtēk.

SuffixEdit

-et

  1. Forms momentane verbs.
    njuikut ‎(to jump around) + ‎-et → ‎njuiket ‎(to jump once)

Usage notesEdit

This suffix triggers the strongest grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of -et (contracted, no gradation)
infinitive -et
1st sing. present -en
1st sing. past -ejin
infinitive -et
present participle -ejeaddji
past participle -en
verbal noun -en
present indicative past indicative imperative
1st singular -en -ejin -ejehkon
2nd singular -et -ejit -e
3rd singular -e -ii -ejehkos
1st dual -ejetne -iime -ejeadnu
-ejeahkku
2nd dual -ebeahtti -iide -ejeahkki
3rd dual -eba -iiga -ejehkoska
1st plural -et -iimet -ejetnot
-ejehkot
-ejeahkkot
-ejeadnot
2nd plural -ebehtet -iidet -ejehket
3rd plural -ejit -ejedje -ejehkoset
connegative -e -en -e
conditional 1 conditional 2 potential
1st singular -ešin
-ešedjen
-elin
-eledjen
-ežan
2nd singular -ešit
-ešedjet
-elit
-eledjet
-ežat
3rd singular -ešii -elii -eža
-eš
1st dual -ešeimme -eleimme -ežetne
2nd dual -ešeidde -eleidde -ežeahppi
3rd dual -ešeigga -eleigga -ežeaba
1st plural -ešeimmet -eleimmet -ežit
-ežat
2nd plural -ešeiddet -eleiddet -ežehpet
3rd plural -eše
-ešedje
-ele
-eledje
-ežit
connegative -eše -ele -eš

Derived termsEdit



Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *-atją, *-itją, *-utją.

SuffixEdit

-et n

  1. suffix forming nouns from verbs, adjectives, and other nouns (sometimes causes i-mutation)
    þēowot "service, religious service, ministry"
    grafet "trench"
    bærnet "a burning, combustion, cauterizing"
    emnet "level ground, leveling"
    eolet "voyage, departure"
    þiccet "thicket"
    rēwet "rowing; ship, row-boat"
    rȳmet "space, clearance, extension"
    þyrnet "thicket of thorns, thorny place"

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-et

  1. Used to form a diminutive, masculine noun.

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-et

  1. (12th century and before) Alternative form of (suffix used to form past participles of regular -er verbs)

RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -etum. Compare Italian -eto, French -aie.

SuffixEdit

-et n ‎(plural -eturi or -ete)

  1. Used with plant or tree names to form names of orchards, woods, forests, or groves.
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -itus. No longer productive.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-et n ‎(plural -ete)

  1. (unproductive) Used to form nouns derived from the action of some verbs.
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit



SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-et

  1. Suffix for definite form singular of neuter nouns, especially if they end with consonant or a stressed vowel.
  2. Suffix for the neuter form of past participles of verbs belonging to the fourth declension (strong verbs). This may be analyzed as two morphemes: a combination of the suffix -en for past participle and -t for neuter, where the n of the first suffix disappears. Such an analysis is historically correct.

VolapükEdit

SuffixEdit

-et

  1. Used to indicate a consequential or concrete example

Derived termsEdit

Read in another language