ChineseEdit

 
small; tiny; few
small; tiny; few; young
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(小人)
 
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PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • 2xiau nyin - vernacular;
  • 2xiau zen - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (38)
Final () (91) (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇuX/ /ȵiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛuX/ /ȵin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæuX/ /ȵʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siawX/ /ȵin/
Li
Rong
/siɛuX/ /ȵiĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛuX/ /ȵʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛuX/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎo rén
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiǎo rén
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjewX › ‹ nyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ewʔ/ /*ni[ŋ]/
English small (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13705 10800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*smewʔ/ /*njin/
Notes

NounEdit

小人

  1. villain
  2. (archaic) person of low position
  3. (archaic) small-minded person
    小人君子以爲 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    小人君子以为 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Commentary of Zuo, circa 4th century BCE
    Xiǎorén qī, wèi zhī bù miǎn. Jūnzǐ shù, yǐweí bì guī. [Pinyin]
    The small-minded are anxiety-laden, and they say that (our master) could not have been spared. The junzi treat others with mercy, and they believe that (you) will do the same and free him eventually.
  4. (dialectal Mandarin, Wu) child; kid
  5. Used other than with a figurative or idiomatic meaning: see ,‎ .

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • (person of low position): 大人 (dàrén)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (小人):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 1
にん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From (shō, "small," "little") + (nin, "human being")

NounEdit

小人(しょうにん) (shōnin

  1. child, small person
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From (ko, "small," "little") + (hito, "man"). The word hito changes to bito due to rendaku.

NounEdit

小人(こびと) (kobito

  1. dwarf
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 1
じん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From (shō, "small," "little") + (jin, "human being")

NounEdit

小人(しょうじん) (shōjin

  1. narrow-minded person, mean person
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

小人

  1. Hán tự form of tiểu nhân (jerk).