See also: nave, näve, and nāvē

Contents

LatvianEdit

 nāve on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Nāve

Alternative formsEdit

  • (dialectal) nāvs (6th decl.)

EtymologyEdit

Originally an i-stem (*nāvis; compare dialectal nāvs) changed by analogy into a 5th-declension e-stem; from Proto-Baltic *nāvis, from Proto-Indo-European *neh₂wis, from the stem *neh₂u- “death.” There is also a stem *neh₂u- “boat, ship” (compare Latin navis, Ancient Greek ναῦς(naûs), Sanskrit नाव(nāva), Scythian nāv-(boat, ship), Tajik nave(gutter), Norwegian (hod, trough). It is possible that these two nāv-'s were originally one stem, with the meaning “timber, tree” (compare Sanskrit वन(vana, timber, tree, forest), apparently with metathesis of v and n), from which the meaning would change in two ways: on the one hand, “timber, tree” > “dug-out tree” > “boat, ship”, and, on the other hand, “timber, tree” > “tree stump, dead tree” > “dead body; death.” Cognates include Lithuanian nõvis(death), nõvė(slaughtering, killing; unknown disease; yoke; coertion), Old Prussian nowis(body, flesh), Russian dialectal навей(navej), навь(navʹ), навье(navʹje, corpse, dead body), Czech archaic nav(tomb, hell, beyond), Gothic 𐌽𐌰𐌿𐍃(naus, dead body, corpse), genitive 𐌽𐌰𐍅𐌹𐍃(nawis), Breton naoun(hunger) (< Proto-Celtic *novis).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

nāve f (5th declension)

  1. death (the end of life, of a lifetime)
    dzīvības un nāves jautājums‎ ― a question of life and death
    atra, drīza nāve‎ ― early death
    viegla nāve‎ ― easy death
    mokpilna nāve‎ ― torturous death
    dabiska, pēkšņa nāve‎ ― natural, sudden death
    klīniska nāve‎ ― clinical death
    bada nāve‎ ― hunger death (= starvation)
    nāves diena, brīdis‎ ― day, time of death
    sodīt ar nāvi‎ ― to punish with death
    piespriest nāvi‎ ― to sentence to death
    nāves sods, nāvessods — death penalty
    izglābties no (drošas) nāves‎ ― to escape (certain) death
    mirt varoņa nāve‎ ― to die a hero's death
    mirt traģiskā nāvē‎ ― to die a tragic death
    līdz nāvei‎ ― to the death, till death
    dzīvības un nāves dialektiskā vienība‎ ― the dialectical unity of life and death
    galvenie nāves cēloņi ir asinsrites orgānu slimības, ļaundabīgie audzēji un nelaimes gadījumi‎ ― the main causes of death are circulatory system diseases, cancers and accidents

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “nāve”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7