See also: nave, näve, and nāvē



 Nāve on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv


Alternative formsEdit

  • (dialectal) nāvs (6th decl.)


Originally an i-stem (*nāvis; compare dialectal nāvs) changed by analogy into a 5th-declension e-stem; from Proto-Baltic *nāvis, from Proto-Indo-European *neh₂wis, from the stem *neh₂u- “death.” There is also a stem *neh₂u- “boat, ship” (compare Latin navis, Ancient Greek ναῦς ‎(naûs), Sanskrit नाव ‎(nāva), Scythian nāv- ‎(boat, ship), Tajik nave ‎(gutter), Norwegian ‎(hod, trough). It is possible that these two nāv-'s were originally one stem, with the meaning “timber, tree” (compare Sanskrit वन ‎(vana, timber, tree, forest), apparently with metathesis of v and n), from which the meaning would change in two ways: on the one hand, “timber, tree” > “dug-out tree” > “boat, ship”, and, on the other hand, “timber, tree” > “tree stump, dead tree” > “dead body; death.” Cognates include Lithuanian nõvis ‎(death), nõvė ‎(slaughtering, killing; unknown disease; yoke; coertion), Old Prussian nowis ‎(body, flesh), Russian dialectal навей ‎(navej), навь ‎(navʹ), навье ‎(navʹje, corpse, dead body), Czech archaic nav ‎(tomb, hell, beyond), Gothic 𐌽𐌰𐌿𐍃 ‎(naus, dead body, corpse), genitive 𐌽𐌰𐍅𐌹𐍃 ‎(nawis), Breton naoun ‎(hunger) (< Proto-Celtic *novis).[1]


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nāve f (5th declension)

  1. death (the end of life, of a lifetime)
    dzīvības un nāves jautājums — a question of life and death
    atra, drīza nāve — early death
    viegla nāve — easy death
    mokpilna nāve — torturous death
    dabiska, pēkšņa nāvenatural, sudden death
    klīniska nāveclinical death
    bada nāve — hunger death (= starvation)
    nāves diena, brīdis — day, time of death
    sodīt ar nāvi — to punish with death
    piespriest nāvi — to sentence to death
    nāves sods, nāvessods — death penalty
    izglābties no (drošas) nāves — to escape (certain) death
    mirt varoņa nāve — to die a hero's death
    mirt traģiskā nāvē — to die a tragic death
    līdz nāvei — to the death, till death
    dzīvības un nāves dialektiskā vienība — the dialectical unity of life and death
    galvenie nāves cēloņi ir asinsrites orgānu slimības, ļaundabīgie audzēji un nelaimes gadījumi — the main causes of death are circulatory system diseases, cancers and accidents


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “nāve”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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