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See also: nave, näve, and nāvē

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LatvianEdit

 nāve on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Nāve

Alternative formsEdit

  • (dialectal) nāvs (6th decl.)

EtymologyEdit

Originally an i-stem (*nāvis; compare dialectal nāvs) changed by analogy into a 5th-declension e-stem; from Proto-Baltic *nāvis, from Proto-Indo-European *neh₂wis, from the stem *neh₂u- “death.” There is also a stem *neh₂u- “boat, ship” (compare Latin navis, Ancient Greek ναῦς (naûs), Sanskrit नाव (nāva), Scythian nāv- (boat, ship), Tajik nave (gutter), Norwegian (hod, trough). It is possible that these two nāv-'s were originally one stem, with the meaning “timber, tree” (compare Sanskrit वन (vana, timber, tree, forest), apparently with metathesis of v and n), from which the meaning would change in two ways: on the one hand, “timber, tree” > “dug-out tree” > “boat, ship”, and, on the other hand, “timber, tree” > “tree stump, dead tree” > “dead body; death.” Cognates include Lithuanian nõvis (death), nõvė (slaughtering, killing; unknown disease; yoke; coertion), Old Prussian nowis (body, flesh), Russian dialectal навей (navej), навь (navʹ), навье (navʹje, corpse, dead body), Czech archaic nav (tomb, hell, beyond), Gothic 𐌽𐌰𐌿𐍃 (naus, dead body, corpse), genitive 𐌽𐌰𐍅𐌹𐍃 (nawis), Breton naoun (hunger) (< Proto-Celtic *novis).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

nāve f (5th declension)

  1. death (the end of life, of a lifetime)
    dzīvības un nāves jautājumsa question of life and death
    atra, drīza nāveearly death
    viegla nāveeasy death
    mokpilna nāvetorturous death
    dabiska, pēkšņa nāvenatural, sudden death
    klīniska nāveclinical death
    bada nāvehunger death (= starvation)
    nāves diena, brīdisday, time of death
    sodīt ar nāvito punish with death
    piespriest nāvito sentence to death
    nāves sods, nāvessods — death penalty
    izglābties no (drošas) nāvesto escape (certain) death
    mirt varoņa nāveto die a hero's death
    mirt traģiskā nāvēto die a tragic death
    līdz nāveito the death, till death
    dzīvības un nāves dialektiskā vienībathe dialectical unity of life and death
    galvenie nāves cēloņi ir asinsrites orgānu slimības, ļaundabīgie audzēji un nelaimes gadījumithe main causes of death are circulatory system diseases, cancers and accidents

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “nāve”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7