HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit वन (vána). Doublet of बन (ban).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʋən/, [ʋə̃n̪]

NounEdit

वन (vanm (Urdu spelling ون‎)

  1. forest, jungle, woods
    यह भयानक वन सैकड़ों किलोमीटर तक फैला था
    yah bhayānak van saikṛõ kilomīṭar tak phailā thā.
    This dreadful forest stretched for hundreds of kilometers.
    Synonyms: जंगल (jaṅgal), बन (ban)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bahri, Hardev, “वन”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons, 1989

MewariEdit

NounEdit

वन (vanm

  1. forest, jungle
  2. desolate wild place

NepaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit वन (vána)[1].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

वन (van)

  1. forest
    Synonym: जङ्गल (jaṅgal)
  2. garden

DeclensionEdit

Declension of वन
Singular Plural
nominative वन (van) वनहरू (vanharū)
accusative वनलाई (vanlāī) वनहरूलाई (vanharūlāī)
instrumental वनले (vanle) वनहरूले (vanharūle)
dative वनलाई (vanlāī) वनहरूलाई (vanharūlāī)
ablative वनबाट (vanbāṭa) वनहरूबाट (vanharūbāṭa)
genitive वनको (vanko) वनहरूको (vanharūko)
locative वनमा (vanmā) वनहरूमा (vanharūmā)
Notes:
  • -को (-ko) becomes:
    • -का (-kā) when followed by a plural noun.
    • -की (-kī) when followed by a feminine noun.

Further readingEdit

  • Schmidt, Ruth L., “बन”, in A Practical Dictionary of Modern Nepali[2], Ratna Sagar, 1993

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ वन”, in नेपाली बृहत् शब्दकोश (Nepālī Br̥hat Śabdakoś) [Comprehensive Nepali Dictionary]‎[1], Kathmandu: Nepal Academy, 2018

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

वन n

  1. Devanagari script form of vana

DeclensionEdit


SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *wán- (tree, wood). Cognate with Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬥𐬁(vanā, tree), Pashto ونه(wëna, tree), Sogdian wn (tree), Middle Persian [script needed] (wan /wn'/, tree).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

वन (vánan

  1. (Vedic) a tree
    Synonym: वृक्ष (vṛkṣa)
  2. a forest, wood, grove, thicket, quantity of lotuses or other plants growing in a thick cluster
  3. a foreign or distant land
  4. wood, timber
  5. a wooden vessel or barrel (for the soma juice)
  6. a cloud (as the vessel in the sky)
  7. (prob.) the body of a carriage
  8. abode
  9. coco-grass (Cyperus rotundus)
  10. a ray of light
    Synonym: रश्मि (raśmi)
  11. (prob.) longing, earnest desire

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of वन (vána)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वनम्
vánam
वने
váne
वनानि / वना¹
vánāni / vánā¹
Vocative वन
vána
वने
váne
वनानि / वना¹
vánāni / vánā¹
Accusative वनम्
vánam
वने
váne
वनानि / वना¹
vánāni / vánā¹
Instrumental वनेन
vánena
वनाभ्याम्
vánābhyām
वनैः / वनेभिः¹
vánaiḥ / vánebhiḥ¹
Dative वनाय
vánāya
वनाभ्याम्
vánābhyām
वनेभ्यः
vánebhyaḥ
Ablative वनात्
vánāt
वनाभ्याम्
vánābhyām
वनेभ्यः
vánebhyaḥ
Genitive वनस्य
vánasya
वनयोः
vánayoḥ
वनानाम्
vánānām
Locative वने
váne
वनयोः
vánayoḥ
वनेषु
váneṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

  • Paisaci Prakrit: [Term?]
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀯𑀡 (vaṇa)
  • Tamil: வனம் (vaṉam)
  • Kannada: ವನ (vana)

ReferencesEdit