HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit वन (vána). Doublet of बन (ban).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʋən/, [ʋə̃n̪]

NounEdit

वन (vanm (Urdu spelling ون‎)

  1. forest, jungle, woods
    यह भयानक वन सैकड़ों किलोमीटर तक फैला था
    yah bhayānak van saikṛõ kilomīṭar tak phailā thā.
    This dreadful forest stretched for hundreds of kilometers.
    Synonyms: जंगल (jaṅgal), बन (ban)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “वन”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons.

MewariEdit

NounEdit

वन (vanm

  1. forest, jungle
  2. desolate wild place

NepaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit वन (vána)[1].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

वन (van)

  1. forest
    Synonym: जङ्गल (jaṅgal)
  2. garden

DeclensionEdit

Declension of वन
Singular Plural
nominative वन [bʌn] वनहरू [bʌnɦʌɾu]
accusative वनलाई [bʌnläi] वनहरूलाई [bʌnɦʌɾuläi]
instrumental/ergative वनले [bʌnle] वनहरूले [bʌnɦʌɾule]
dative वनलाई [bʌnläi] वनहरूलाई [bʌnɦʌɾuläi]
ablative वनबाट [bʌnnoʈʌ] वनहरूबाट [bʌnɦʌɾubäʈʌ]
genitive वनको [bʌnko] वनहरूको [bʌnɦʌɾuko]
locative वनमा [bʌnmä] वनहरूमा [bʌnɦʌɾumä]
Notes:
  • -को (-ko) becomes:
    • -का (-kā) when followed by a plural noun.
    • -की (-kī) when followed by a feminine noun.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ वन”, in नेपाली बृहत् शब्दकोश (Nepālī Br̥hat Śabdakoś) [Comprehensive Nepali Dictionary], Kathmandu: Nepal Academy, 2018

Further readingEdit

  • Schmidt, Ruth L. (1993), “बन”, in A Practical Dictionary of Modern Nepali, Ratna Sagar

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

वन n

  1. Devanagari script form of vana

DeclensionEdit


SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *wán- (tree, wood). Cognate with Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬥𐬁(vanā, tree), Pashto ونه(wëna, tree), Sogdian wn (tree), Middle Persian [script needed] (wan /wn'/, tree).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

वन (vánan

  1. (Vedic) a tree
    Synonym: वृक्ष (vṛkṣa)
  2. a forest, wood, grove, thicket, quantity of lotuses or other plants growing in a thick cluster
  3. a foreign or distant land
  4. wood, timber
  5. a wooden vessel or barrel (for the soma juice)
  6. a cloud (as the vessel in the sky)
  7. (prob.) the body of a carriage
  8. abode
  9. coco-grass (Cyperus rotundus)
  10. a ray of light
    Synonym: रश्मि (raśmi)
  11. (prob.) longing, earnest desire

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of वन (vána)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वनम्
vánam
वने
váne
वनानि / वना¹
vánāni / vánā¹
Vocative वन
vána
वने
váne
वनानि / वना¹
vánāni / vánā¹
Accusative वनम्
vánam
वने
váne
वनानि / वना¹
vánāni / vánā¹
Instrumental वनेन
vánena
वनाभ्याम्
vánābhyām
वनैः / वनेभिः¹
vánaiḥ / vánebhiḥ¹
Dative वनाय
vánāya
वनाभ्याम्
vánābhyām
वनेभ्यः
vánebhyaḥ
Ablative वनात्
vánāt
वनाभ्याम्
vánābhyām
वनेभ्यः
vánebhyaḥ
Genitive वनस्य
vánasya
वनयोः
vánayoḥ
वनानाम्
vánānām
Locative वने
váne
वनयोः
vánayoḥ
वनेषु
váneṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

  • Paisaci Prakrit:
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀯𑀡 (vaṇa)
  • Malayalam: വനം (vanaṃ)
  • Tamil: வனம் (vaṉam)
  • Kannada: ವನ (vana)
  • Javanese: ꦮꦤ (wana)
  • Sundanese: ᮝᮔ (wana)

ReferencesEdit