See also: Navis, nāvis, and nāvīs


Etymology 1Edit

nāvis birēmis (bireme ship)

From Proto-Indo-European *néh₂us. The inflection was changed; most u-stem nouns in Proto-Indo-European evolve into fourth declension nouns in other languages. The word is cognate with Ancient Greek ναῦς (naûs, ship), Armenian նավ (nav, ship or boat), Persian ناو(nâv), and Sanskrit नौ (nau, ship).

Alternative formsEdit

  • nauis (typographical variant)



nāvis f (genitive nāvis); third declension, i-stem

  1. ship
  2. nave (middle or body of a church)

Third-declension noun (i-stem, accusative singular in -em or -im, ablative singular in -e or ).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative nāvis nāvēs
Genitive nāvis nāvium
Dative nāvī nāvibus
Accusative nāvem
Ablative nāve
Vocative nāvis nāvēs
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
  • Aromanian: nai
  • Asturian: nave
  • Friulian: nâf, nâv
  • Galician: nave
  • Italian: nave
    • Slavomolisano: nava
  • Old French: nef, naf, nau
    • Middle French: nef, nau (Parisian dialect)
      • French: nef (obsolete or poetic)
        • Breton: nev
        • English: nef
      • Norman: nef
    • Poitevin-Saintongeais: nau
  • Old Occitan: nau
  • Piedmontese: nav
  • Portuguese: nave
  • Romanian: naie, navă
  • Romansch: nav, nev
  • Sardinian: nae, nai, nave, navi
  • Sicilian: navi
  • Spanish: nave
  • Venetian: nave
  • English: nave
  • Ido: navo

Etymology 2Edit

Inflected form of nāvus (active, diligent).




  1. dative/ablative masculine/feminine/neuter plural of nāvus


  • navis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • navis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • navis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • navis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have a powerful navy: navibus plurimum posse
    • much damage was done by this collision: ex eo navium concursu magnum incommodum est acceptum
    • (ambiguous) a cutter: navis actuaria
    • (ambiguous) a man-of-war: navis longa
    • (ambiguous) a transport or cargo-boat: navis oneraria
    • (ambiguous) a merchantman: navis mercatoria
    • (ambiguous) to build a ship, a fleet: navem, classem aedificare, facere, efficere, instituere
    • (ambiguous) to equip a boat, a fleet: navem (classem) armare, ornare, instruere
    • (ambiguous) to launch a boat: navem deducere (vid. sect. XII. 1, note Notice too...)
    • (ambiguous) to haul up a boat: navem subducere (in aridum)
    • (ambiguous) to repair a boat: navem reficere
    • (ambiguous) to embark: navem conscendere, ascendere
    • (ambiguous) to embark an army: exercitum in naves imponere (Liv. 22. 19)
    • (ambiguous) ships of last year: naves annotinae
    • (ambiguous) to weigh anchor, sail: navem (naves) solvere
    • (ambiguous) the ships sail from the harbour: naves ex portu solvunt
    • (ambiguous) to row: navem remis agere or propellere
    • (ambiguous) to row hard: navem remis concitare, incitare
    • (ambiguous) to back water: navem retro inhibere (Att. 13. 21)
    • (ambiguous) the ship strikes on the rocks: navis ad scopulos alliditur (B. C. 3. 27)
    • (ambiguous) to land (of people): appellere navem (ad terram, litus)
    • (ambiguous) to make fast boats to anchors: naves ad ancoras deligare (B. G. 4. 29)
    • (ambiguous) to make fast boats to anchors: naves (classem) constituere (in alto)
    • (ambiguous) to land, disembark: exire ex, de navi
    • (ambiguous) the admiral's ship; the flagship: navis praetoria (Liv. 21. 49)
    • (ambiguous) to clear for action: navem expedire
    • (ambiguous) to charge, ram a boat: navem rostro percutere
    • (ambiguous) to board and capture a boat: navem expugnare
    • (ambiguous) to sink a ship, a fleet: navem, classem deprimere, mergere
    • (ambiguous) to throw grappling irons on board; to board: copulas, manus ferreas (in navem) inicere
    • (ambiguous) to throw grappling irons on board; to board: in navem (hostium) transcendere
    • (ambiguous) to capture a boat: navem capere, intercipere, deprehendere
  • navis”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • navis”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin