na- (atelic, circuital ) + -Ø- (3rd person subject prefix ) +
-Ø- (classifier ) + (continuative imperfective stem of root -á , “to go, to walk — 1 actor”) -YÁ
-Ø- (classifier ) + (continuative imperfective stem of root -ʼaash , “to go, to walk — 2 actors”) -ʼÁÁZH
-d- (classifier ) + (continuative imperfective stem of root -kai , “to go, to walk — 3 actors”) -KAI
naaghá he/she is
going around, walking about he/she
goes and returns
hádą́ą́ʼ Ahééhéshį́į́hgóó naayá? — When did Marianne go to Phoenix?
Áłchíní daʼ ółtaʼígíí naaki nídeezidídą́ą́ʼ Wááshindoongóó naaskai. — The school children went to Washington two months ago. (with
or an adverb of place) he/she is at/in
dóó Kii bimá sání yighandi naaʼaash. — Mary and Kee are at their grandmother’s house.
Ashiiké ółtaʼígíí kǫ́ǫ́ naaʼaash. — The two boys who are students, are around here. (with
) he/she -dę́ę́ʼ comes from
Hastiin Hall Ohio hoolyéédę́ę́ʼ naaghá. — Mr. Hall hails from a place called Ohio.
Díí kweʼé atah daʼ ółtaʼígíí háádę́ę́ʼ ndaakai? — Where do these students come from? (with
) he/she is baa busy with; he/she is doing it
Diné bizaad bóhooshʼaahgo baa naashá. — I’m busy learning Navajo.
Áłchíní haʼátʼíí yaa naakai? — What are the children doing? (with
) he/she is on chʼaa trip
Chʼaa naashá ńtʼééʼ. — I was on trip. (with
“with mind”) he/she is yínííł sad/ blue/ worried
Yínííł naaghá. — He is sad. (with
) he/she is ká sickly/ invalid
naashá. — I am sickly.
buddy, friend ( used by males, the 3rd-person dual can be used in this way to refer to male cousins
naaʼaash — shił my clan brother; my buddy; my cousin ("father’s sister’s son" or "mother’s brother’s son")
Usage notes Edit
Like all go-verbs, this verb uses three different roots for 1 subject going alone, 2 subjects going in a pair, and 3+ subjects going in a group. All three roots can be conjugated in all 3 numbers (singular, duoplural, distributive plural), with practical different meanings. See
, chʼéghááh , chʼéʼaash for further details. chʼékááh
Paradigm: Continuative (Ø/si).
Related terms Edit