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ChichewaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *ǹɲàmà.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

nyama class 9 (plural nyama class 10)

  1. animal
  2. meat

KikuyuEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Hinde (1904) records nyama as an equivalent of English meat in “Jogowini dialect” of Kikuyu, listing also “Ulu dialect” (spoken then from Machakos to coastal area) of Kamba nyamma and “Nganyawa dialect” (spoken then in Kitui District) of Kamba nama, and Swahili nyama as its equivalents.[1]

PronunciationEdit

As for Tonal Class, Armstrong (1940) classifies this term into moondo class which includes mũndũ, huko, igego, igoti, inooro, irigũ, irũa, kĩbaata, kĩmũrĩ, kũgũrũ, mũciĩ, mũgeni, mũri, mwaki (fire), ndaka, ndigiri, njagathi, njogu, Mũrĩmi (man's name), etc.[2] Benson (1964) classifies this term into Class 1 with a disyllabic stem, together with ndaka, and so on.
  • (Kiambu)

NounEdit

nyama class 9

  1. meat, flesh
Derived termsEdit

(Proverbs)

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

As for Tonal Class, Benson (1964) classifies this term into Class 3 with a disyllabic stem, together with kĩhaato, mbembe, kiugo, and so on.
  • (Kiambu)

NounEdit

nyama class 9/10 (plural nyama)

  1. aardvark[4][5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hinde, Hildegarde (1904). Vocabularies of the Kamba and Kikuyu languages of East Africa, pp. 38–39. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Yukawa, Yasutoshi (1981). "A Tentative Tonal Analysis of Kikuyu Nouns: A Study of Limuru Dialect." In Journal of Asian and African Studies, No. 22, 75–123.
  4. ^ “nyama” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary, p. 340. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  5. ^ Leakey, L. S. B. (1977). The Southern Kikuyu before 1903], v. I, p. 455. →ISBN

LingalaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *ǹɲàmà.

NounEdit

nyama class 9 (plural nyama)

  1. animal
  2. meat
  3. idiot

ShonaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *ǹɲàmà.

NounEdit

nyama class 9

  1. meat

SwahiliEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *ǹɲàmà.

NounEdit

nyama (n class, no plural)

  1. meat

Related termsEdit