From Middle English, from Old French idiote (later idiot), from Latin idiota, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης (idiṓtēs, “a private citizen, one who has no professional knowledge, layman”), from ἴδιος (ídios, “one's own, pertaining to oneself, private”); ἰδιώτης (idiṓtēs) was used derisively in ancient Athens to refer to one who declined to take part in public life.
idiot (plural idiots)
- (pejorative) A person of low general intelligence.
- (obsolete, medicine, psychology) A person who lacks the capacity to develop beyond the mental age of a normal four-year-old.
- The word "idiot" is usually used pejoratively, as an insult. It is a weak insult, however, and between close friends, family members, or lovers, is often completely nonaggressive.
- See also Wikisaurus:idiot
- idiot (disliked or slow-witted person)
- idiot (person who lacks the capacity to develop beyond the mental age of a normal four-year-old)
- idiot in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- idiot in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
- “idiot” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- The form idiote was sometimes used as both masculine and feminine, as a direct borrowing from Latin idiota.
- Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (idiot, supplement)
idìot m (Cyrillic spelling идѝот)