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Etymology 1Edit

Present active participle of occidō (I fall down; pass away).



occidēns m or f or n (genitive occidentis); third declension

  1. falling down
  2. (of heavenly bodiesgoing down, setting
  3. perishing, dying, passing away
  4. being lost, being undone, being ruined

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative occidēns occidēns occidentēs occidentia
Genitive occidentis occidentis occidentium occidentium
Dative occidentī occidentī occidentibus occidentibus
Accusative occidentem occidēns occidentēs, occidentīs occidentia
Ablative occidente, occidentī1 occidente, occidentī1 occidentibus occidentibus
Vocative occidēns occidēns occidentēs occidentia

1When used purely as an adjective.


occidēns m (genitive occidentis); third declension

  1. sunset
  2. west

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative occidēns occidentēs
Genitive occidentis occidentum
Dative occidentī occidentibus
Accusative occidentem occidentēs
Ablative occidente occidentibus
Vocative occidēns occidentēs
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

Present active participle of occīdō (fell; slay).


occīdēns m or f or n (genitive occīdentis); third declension

  1. felling, cutting to the ground; beating, smashing, crushing
  2. killing, slaying, slaughtering
  3. (by extension) plaguing to death, torturing, tormenting, pestering

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative occīdēns occīdēns occīdentēs occīdentia
Genitive occīdentis occīdentis occīdentium occīdentium
Dative occīdentī occīdentī occīdentibus occīdentibus
Accusative occīdentem occīdēns occīdentēs, occīdentīs occīdentia
Ablative occīdente, occīdentī1 occīdente, occīdentī1 occīdentibus occīdentibus
Vocative occīdēns occīdēns occīdentēs occīdentia

1When used purely as an adjective.


  • occidens in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • occidens in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • occidens in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lie to the east, west, south, north: spectare in (vergere ad) orientem (solem), occidentem (solem), ad meridiem, in septentriones
    • eastern, western Germany: Germania quae or Germaniae ea pars quae, ad orientem, occidentem vergit
    • the evening of life: vita occidens