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From Middle English orgulous, orgeilous, from Old French orgueilleus, orgoillus (proud), from orgoill, orgueil (pride), from Old Low Frankish *urgol (pride). Cognate with Old High German urguol (excellent), Old English orgel (pride), perhaps from a Proto-Germanic *uzgōljō, equivalent to or- (out) *gōl (boast; showiness; pomp; splendor), related to Old English galan (to sing) (whence Modern English gale). Also perhaps partly from Old French orgoill, from Vulgar Latin *orgōllia, *orgōlla, from Frankish *orgōllja, from the same Proto-Germanic source. Cognate with Old High German urguol, urguoli, urgilo (pride) and Spanish orgullo.



orgulous (comparative more orgulous, superlative most orgulous)

  1. Proud; haughty; disdainful.
    • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte D'Arthur, Macmillan and Co. (1891), page 52 (Book II, Chapter IV):
      At that time there was a knight, the which was the king's son of Ireland, and his name was Lanceor, the which was an orgulous knight, and counted himself one of the best of the court; and he had great despite at Balin for the achieving of the sword, that any should be accounted more hardy, or of more prowess.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses, Episode 14:
      Then spoke young Stephen orgulous of mother Church that would cast him out of her bosom.
    • 1966, Eric Walter White, Stravinsky the Composer and his Works, University of California Press (1966), page 5:
      Her nephew describes her as 'an orgulous and despotic woman', and it is clear that he noticed and resented her numerous unkindnesses.
    • 1975, Georgette Heyer, My Lord John, Arrow Books (2011), →ISBN, pages 14-15:
      They knew that my lord of Arundel had grown so orgulous that he had lately dared to marry the Earl of March's sister, without license.
  2. Ostentatious; showy.
  3. Swollen; augmented; excessive.
  4. Threatening; dangerous.

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