From Latin patriarchia, from Byzantine Greek πατριαρχία (patriarkhía), from Koine Greek πατριάρχης (patriárkhēs, “patriarch”), from πατρία (patría) and ἄρχω (árkhō).
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpeɪt͡ʃɹiɑɹki/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpeɪtɹiɑːki/, /ˈpætɹiɑːki/
Audio (Berkshire) (file)
patriarchy (plural patriarchies)
- (anthropology, history) A social system in which the father is head of the household, having authority over women and children, and in which lineage is traced through the male line.
- A power structure in which men are dominant.
- 1929, Virginia Woolf, A Room of One’s Own:
- England is under the rule of a patriarchy.
- (Christianity) The office of a patriarch; a patriarchate.
office of the patriarch — see patriarchate
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