See also: Patriarch

English edit

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Etymology edit

From Middle English patriark, patriarche, from Late Latin patriarcha; later reinforced by Old French patriarche, from Byzantine Greek πατριάρχης (patriárkhēs, the founder of the tribe/family), from Ancient Greek πατριά (patriá, generation, ancestry, descent, tribe, family) + -ᾰ́ρχης (-árkhēs, -arch), with some senses likely influenced directly by Latin pāter (father) or Ancient Greek πᾰτήρ (patḗr, father). Compare matriarch. By surface analysis, patri- +‎ -arch.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpeɪtɹɪɑːk/, /ˈpætɹiɑːk/
  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpeɪt͡ʃɹiɑɹk/

Noun edit

patriarch (plural patriarchs)

  1. (Christianity) The highest form of bishop, in the ancient world having authority over other bishops in the province but now generally as an honorary title; in Roman Catholicism, considered a bishop second only to the Pope in rank. [from 9th c.]
  2. In Biblical contexts, a male leader of a family, tribe or ethnic group, especially one of the twelve sons of Jacob (considered to have created the twelve tribes of Israel) or (in plural) Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. [from 13th c.]
  3. A founder of a political or religious movement, an organization or an enterprise. [from 16th c.]
  4. An old leader of a village or community.
    • 1819 June 23, Geoffrey Crayon [pseudonym; Washington Irving], “Rip Van Winkle”, in The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent., number I, New York, N.Y.: [] C. S. Van Winkle, [], →OCLC, page 68:
      The opinions of this junto were completely controlled by Nicholas Vedder, a patriarch of the village, and landlord of the inn, at the door of which he took his seat from morning till night, just moving sufficiently to [] keep in the shade of a large tree; []
  5. The male progenitor of a genetic or tribal line, or of a clan or extended family.
    Synonyms: ancestor, forebear, forefather
  6. The male head of a household or nuclear family.
    Synonyms: highfather, paterfamilias

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

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Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

patriarch m (plural patriarchen, diminutive patriarchje n, feminine matriarch)

  1. patriarch

Related terms edit