English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin pēs (foot). Doublet of foot, pie (Spanish unit of length), and pous.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /peɪ̯s/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪs
  • Homophone: pace

Noun edit

pes (plural pedes)

  1. the foot of a human
  2. the hoof of a quadruped
  3. clubfoot or talipes
  4. (music) a neume representing two notes ascending

Synonyms edit

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old Catalan pes, from Latin pēnsum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pes m (plural pesos)

  1. weight, the heaviness of something, as caused by the downward force of gravity of its mass.
  2. weight, a piece of metal or other materials known to weigh a definite amount, as the ones used on scales or sports
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pes

  1. plural of pe (the letter P)

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

pes

  1. (Balearic, Alghero) first-person singular present indicative of pesar

Cornish edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

pes f (singulative pesen)

  1. (Revived Late Cornish) peas

Czech edit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
pes

Inherited from Old Czech pes, from Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Noun edit

pes m anim (feminine psice or fena, related adjective psí)

  1. dog
  2. male dog
    Coordinate term: fena f
  3. scoundrel, bad person
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • pes in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • pes in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • pes in Internetová jazyková příručka

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

pes

  1. genitive plural of peso
Alternative forms edit

Friulian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • peš (alternative spelling)

Etymology edit

From Latin piscem.

Noun edit

pes m (plural pes)

  1. fish

Related terms edit

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology edit

From Dutch pest, from Middle French peste (whence French peste), ultimately from Latin pestis.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɛs]
  • Hyphenation: pès

Noun edit

pes or pès

  1. pest, plague.
    Synonym: sampar

Further reading edit

Latin edit

 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
 
pēs hūmānus (human foot)
 
pēs equī (foot of a horse)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *pets, from Proto-Indo-European *pṓds (compare Sanskrit पद् (pád), Ancient Greek πούς (poús) and Old English fōt, whence English foot).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pēs m (genitive pedis); third declension

  1. a foot, in its senses as
    1. (anatomy) a human foot
      … ne manus, nec pedes, nec alia membra …
      … not the hands, not the feet, and not the other limbs …
      • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 6.395–397:
        Forte revertēbar fēstīs Vestālibus illa [...].
        hūc pede mātrōnam vīdī dēscendere nūdō.
        It so happened that I was returning from the festival of Vesta [...]. Here I saw a matron coming down barefoot.
        (Literally, in the ablative singular: “pede nūdō” or “with bare foot.” Roman matrons walked barefoot to honor Vesta (mythology) during the Vestalia.)
    2. (zoology) any equivalent body part of an animal, including hooves, paws, etc.
    3. (units of measure) any of various units of length notionally based on the adult human foot, especially (historical) the Roman foot.
    4. (poetry) a metrical foot: the basic unit of metered poetry
    • 8 CE – 12 CE, Ovid, Sorrows 1.15–16:
      vāde, liber, verbīsque meīs loca grāta salūtā:
      contingam certē quō licet illa pede!
      Go, [my] book, and greet with my words [those] beloved places: at least I shall reach [them] with the ‘foot’ that is allowed!
      (The exiled poet puns that the metrical “feet” of his poem shall go where his own “feet” cannot.)
    1. (geography) the base of a mountain
    2. (furniture) the bottom of a leg of a table, chair, stool, etc.
  2. (figuratively) a place to tread one's foot: territory, ground, soil
  3. (nautical) a rope attached to a sail in order to set
  4. (music) tempo, pace, time
  5. (botany) the pedicel or stalk of a fruit

Declension edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pēs pedēs
Genitive pedis pedum
Dative pedī pedibus
Accusative pedem pedēs
Ablative pede pedibus
Vocative pēs pedēs

Hyponyms edit

Meronyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: pezã
    • Romanian: piez piază
  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance
  • Rhaeto-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
    • Catalan: peu
    • Old Occitan: pe
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Sardinian:
    • Campidanese: pei
    • Logudorese: pe
    • Nuorese: pede
  • Derived forms:
  • Borrowings:
  • German: stante pede

See also edit

References edit

  • "pes", in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • "pes", in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pes in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pes in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • pes”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pes”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Lombard edit

Etymology edit

Akin to Italian peso, from Latin pensum.

Noun edit

pes

  1. weight

Middle English edit

Noun edit

pes

  1. Alternative form of pese

Old Czech edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pes m animal

  1. (mammals) dog

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

Old French edit

Etymology edit

From Latin pax.

Noun edit

pes oblique singularf (oblique plural pes, nominative singular pes, nominative plural pes)

  1. Alternative form of pais (peace)

Romani edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit [script needed] (appa),[1] [script needed] (atta),[1] from Sanskrit आत्मन् (ātman).[1]

Pronoun edit

pes

  1. himself, herself (third-person singular reflexive pronoun)[1]

Descendants edit

  • Kalo Finnish Romani: pes

See also edit


References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Boretzky, Norbert, Igla, Birgit (1994) “pe(s)”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 215a

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pes m (Cyrillic spelling пес)

  1. (Kajkavian) dog
    Synonym: pas

Slovak edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pes m anim (genitive singular psa, nominative plural psi, psy, genitive plural psov)

  1. dog

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • pes”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene edit

 
Velik bel pes - A large white dog

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pə̏s m anim (female equivalent psíca)

  1. dog
    Synonyms: kuža, bevskač, cucek, kuže, pesjak, pse, pseto, psina, renčač, kosmatinec
    Imamo tri pse.We have three dogs.
    Na sprehod grem s svojim psom.I'm going on a walk with my dog.
  2. (zoology) any of the species in family Canidae
  3. (zoology, in the plural) family Canidae
  4. (zoology, uncountable) genus Canis
  5. (figuratively, derogatory) a malicious person[→SSKJ]
    Synonyms: hudobnež, hudič, hudičevec, hudiman, hudimar, hudir, hudoba, hudobijan, hudobni, hudobnik, leviatan, mefisto, pasjeglavec, peklenšček, pesjan, pesjanar, peslajnar, pošast, pošastnik, psoglavec, satan, satanov služabnik, steklač, strupenec, strupenjak, škorpijon, vrag, zlobec, zlobnež, zlodej, zlodejevec, zlohotnež, zlomek, žlehtnoba
    Antonyms: dobričina, angel, dobrosrčnež, dobričnež, dobričnik, duša, dušica, mehkosrčnež, milosrčnež, svetnik
  6. (theater) unimportant role
    Synonym: stranska vloga
    Antonym: glavna vloga

Declension edit

The template Template:sl-decl-noun-table3 does not use the parameter(s):
n=
Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

First masculine declension (hard o-stem, animate) , short ending accent, fill vowel ə
nom. sing. pə̏s
gen. sing. psȁ
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
pə̏s psȁ psȉ
genitive
rodȋlnik
psȁ psȍv, psóv psȍv, psóv
dative
dajȃlnik
psȕ, psȉ psȍma, psomȁ psȍm
accusative
tožȋlnik
psȁ psȁ psȅ
locative
mẹ̑stnik
psȕ, psȉ psȉh psȉh
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
psȍm psȍma, psomȁ psȉ
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
pə̏s psȁ psȉ



  • dialectal
The template Template:sl-decl-noun-table3 does not use the parameter(s):
n=
Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

First masculine declension (hard o-stem, animate) , fixed accent, vowel is only written in nominative singular
nom. sing. pə̏s
gen. sing. psa
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
pə̏s psa psi
genitive
rodȋlnik
psa psov psov
dative
dajȃlnik
psu, psi psoma, psama psom, psam
accusative
tožȋlnik
psa psa pse
locative
mẹ̑stnik
psu, psi psih, psah psih, psah
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
psom psoma, psama psi
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
pə̏s psa psi


Derived terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • pes”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • pes”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pes f pl

  1. plural of pe

Tok Pisin edit

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Etymology edit

From English face.

Noun edit

pes

  1. (anatomy) face
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:19:
      Na bai yu wok hat tru long kisim kaikai bilong yu na tuhat bai i kamap long pes bilong yu. Na bai yu hatwok oltaim inap yu dai na yu go bek long graun. Long wanem, mi bin wokim yu long graun, na bai yu go bek gen long graun.”
      →New International Version translation
  2. page

Torres Strait Creole edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English face.

Noun edit

pes

  1. face

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

pes

  1. (eastern dialect) a ripe coconut
Usage notes edit

Pes is the fifth stage of coconut growth. It is preceded by kopespes and followed by u.

Turkish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpes/
  • Hyphenation: pes

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish بس (bes, Enough! Hold!, interj.),[1][2] from Persian بس (bas, enough).

Interjection edit

Pes!

  1. Used when accepting defeat; "I yield!" or "Uncle!"
  2. Used when at a loss for words at someone's extraordinary behavior or action; "I don't even know what to say!", "This is too much!" or "This takes the cake!"
    Yalanın bu kadarına da pes doğrusu!To be honest, I don't even know what to say about such a lie!
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish پس (pes, low and soft or bass voice or tone),[3][4] from Persian پست (past, low, abject).[5]

Adjective edit

pes

  1. (music) That which is sung softly and slowly; bass.
Alternative forms edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish پس (pes, the hinder part, back of a thing, pursuit after a thing), from Persian پس (pas, back, hind; then, so, therefore).

Noun edit

pes (definite accusative pesi, plural pesler)

  1. (obsolete) back, hind part

Adverb edit

pes

  1. (obsolete) then, so, in that case
    Synonyms: öyleyse, o hâlde, binaenaleyh
  2. (obsolete) then, after, afterwards
    Synonyms: sonra, müteakiben, nihayet
  3. (obsolete) in summary, in short, in conclusion
    Synonyms: hasılı, hasılıkelam, velhasıl
  4. (obsolete) when, whenever, as soon as

References edit

  1. ^ Redhouse, James W. (1890) “بس”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon[1], Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 363
  2. ^ Kélékian, Diran (1911) “بس”, in Dictionnaire turc-français[2], Constantinople: Mihran, page 265
  3. ^ Redhouse, James W. (1890) “پس”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon[3], Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 447
  4. ^ Kélékian, Diran (1911) “پس”, in Dictionnaire turc-français[4], Constantinople: Mihran, page 322
  5. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–) “pes”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

Further reading edit