See also: PES, PEs, pés, pès, pês, peš, p.es., pěś, and пес

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pēs (foot). Doublet of foot and pous.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pes (plural pedes)

  1. the foot of a human
  2. the hoof of a quadruped
  3. clubfoot or talipes
  4. (music) a neume representing two notes ascending

SynonymsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Catalan pes, from Latin pensum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pes m (plural pesos)

  1. weight (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


CornishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

pes f (singulative pesen)

  1. (Revived Late Cornish) peas

CzechEdit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Czech pes, from Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

 
pes (a Labrador)

NounEdit

pes m anim (feminine psice)

  1. (mammals) dog
  2. male dog
  3. scoundrel, bad person
DeclensionEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • pes in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • pes in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

pes

  1. genitive plural of peso
Alternative formsEdit

FriulianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • peš (alternative spelling)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin piscem.

NounEdit

pes m (plural pes)

  1. fish

Related termsEdit


IndonesianEdit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch pest, from Middle French peste (whence French peste), ultimately from Latin pestis.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɛs]
  • Hyphenation: pès

NounEdit

pes or pès

  1. pest, plague.
    Synonym: sampar

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

 
pēs hūmānus (human foot)
 
pēs equī (foot of a horse)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *pets, from Proto-Indo-European *pṓds (compare Sanskrit पद् (pád), Ancient Greek πούς (poús) and Old English fōt, English foot).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pēs m (genitive pedis); third declension

  1. a foot, in its senses as
    1. (anatomy) a human foot
      • … ne manus, nec pedes, nec alia membra …
        … not the hands, not the feet, and not the other limbs …
      • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 6.395-397:
        Forte revertēbar fēstīs Vestālibus illa [...].
        hūc pede mātrōnam vīdī dēscendere nūdō.
        It so happened that I was returning from the festival of Vesta [...]. Here I saw a matron coming down barefoot.
        (Literally, in the ablative singular: “pede nūdō” or “with bare foot.” Roman matrons walked barefoot to honor Vesta (mythology) during the Vestalia.)
    2. (zoology) any equivalent body part of an animal, including hooves, paws, etc.
    3. (units of measure) any of various units of length notionally based on the adult human foot, especially (historical) the Roman foot.
    4. (poetry) a metrical foot: the basic unit of metered poetry
    • 8 CE – 12 CE, Ovid, Tristia 1.15-16:
      vāde, liber, verbīsque meīs loca grāta salūtā:
      contingam certē quō licet illā pede!
      Go, [my] book, and greet with my words [those] beloved places: at least I shall reach [them] with the ‘foot’ that is allowed!
      (The exiled poet puns that the metrical “feet” of his poem shall go where his own “feet” cannot.)
    1. (geography) the base of a mountain
    2. (furniture) the bottom of a leg of a table, chair, stool, etc.
  2. (figuratively) a place to tread one's foot: territory, ground, soil
  3. (nautical) a rope attached to a sail in order to set
  4. (music) tempo, pace, time
  5. (botany) the pedicel or stalk of a fruit

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pēs pedēs
Genitive pedis pedum
Dative pedī pedibus
Accusative pedem pedēs
Ablative pede pedibus
Vocative pēs pedēs

HyponymsEdit

MeronymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: pezã
    • Romanian: piez piază
  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
    • Catalan: peu
    • Old Occitan: pe
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Sardinian:
    • Campidanese: pei
    • Logudorese: pe
    • Nuorese: pede
  • Derived forms:
  • Borrowings:

ReferencesEdit

  • pes”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pes”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pes in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pes in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to begin a journey (on foot, on horseback, by land): iter ingredi (pedibus, equo, terra)
    • to go on foot: pedibus ire
    • to trample under foot: pedibus obterere, conculcare
    • to have the gout: ex pedibus laborare, pedibus aegrum esse
    • to vote for some one's motion: discedere (pedibus), ire in alicuius sententiam (Liv. 23. 10)
    • to serve in the cavalry, infantry: equo, pedibus merere (Liv. 27. 11)
    • (ambiguous) a hand-to-hand engagement ensued: tum pes cum pede collatus est (Liv. 28. 2)
    • (ambiguous) to fall at some one's feet: ad pedes alicuius accidere
    • (ambiguous) to throw oneself at some one's feet: ad pedes alicuius se proicere, se abicere, procumbere, se prosternere
    • (ambiguous) to prostrate oneself before a person: ad pedes alicuius iacēre, stratum esse (stratum iacēre)
    • (ambiguous) to fail to see what lies before one: quod ante pedes est or positum est, non videre
    • (ambiguous) to never set foot out of doors: domo pedem non efferre
    • (ambiguous) to cross the threshold: pedem limine efferre
    • (ambiguous) a hand-to-hand engagement ensued: tum pes cum pede collatus est (Liv. 28. 2)
    • (ambiguous) hand to hand: collato pede (Liv. 6. 12)
    • (ambiguous) to retire (without turning one's back on the enemy): pedem referre
  • pes”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pes”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

LombardEdit

EtymologyEdit

Akin to Italian peso, from Latin pensum.

NounEdit

pes

  1. weight

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

pes

  1. Alternative form of pese

Old CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

NounEdit

pes m

  1. (mammals) dog

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pax.

NounEdit

pes f (oblique plural pes, nominative singular pes, nominative plural pes)

  1. Alternative form of pais (peace)

RomaniEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit [script needed] (appa),[1] [script needed] (atta),[1] from Sanskrit आत्मन् (ātman).[1]

PronounEdit

pes

  1. himself, herself (third-person singular reflexive pronoun)[1]

DescendantsEdit

  • Kalo Finnish Romani: pes

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “pe(s)”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 215a

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pes m (Cyrillic spelling пес)

  1. (Kajkavian) dog

SynonymsEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pes m (genitive singular psa, nominative plural psi, psy, genitive plural psov)

  1. dog

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • pes in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

SloveneEdit

 
Velik bel pes - A large white dog

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *pьsъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pə̏s m anim (female equivalent psíca)

  1. dog
    Imamo tri pse.We have three dogs.
    Na sprehod grem s svojim psom.I'm going on a walk with my dog.
    Synonym: kȗža

InflectionEdit

Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. pes
gen. sing. psa
singular dual plural
nominative pes psa psi
accusative psa psa pse
genitive psa psov psov
dative psu psoma psom
locative psu psih psih
instrumental psom psoma psi

Further readingEdit

  • pes”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pes f pl

  1. plural of pe

Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English face.

NounEdit

pes

  1. (anatomy) face
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:19:
      Na bai yu wok hat tru long kisim kaikai bilong yu na tuhat bai i kamap long pes bilong yu. Na bai yu hatwok oltaim inap yu dai na yu go bek long graun. Long wanem, mi bin wokim yu long graun, na bai yu go bek gen long graun.”
      →New International Version translation
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Torres Strait CreoleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English face.

NounEdit

pes

  1. face

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

pes

  1. (eastern dialect) a ripe coconut
Usage notesEdit

Pes is the fifth stage of coconut growth. It is preceded by kopespes and followed by u.