philosopher

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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Anglo-Norman or Middle French philosophe, from Latin philosophus, from Ancient Greek φιλόσοφος ‎(philósophos, literally lover of wisdom) + -er.

Credited as having been coined by Pythagoras to describe himself.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

philosopher ‎(plural philosophers)

  1. (originally) A lover of wisdom.
  2. A student of philosophy.
  3. A scholar or expert engaged in or contributing to philosophical inquiry.
    • 2007, Harold Bloom, Bloom's Modern Critical Views: Stephen King
      Their playwrights knew better. Scandal, murder, hair-rending and railing against the gods sold tickets. King is not a philosopher. He knows how to sell tickets.
  4. (archaic) A person who applies the principles of philosophy to the conduct of their life.
    • 1611, Bible (KJV), Acts 17:18:
      Then certaine Philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoikes, encountred him
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice
      This is not the sort of happiness which a man would in general wish to owe to his wife; but where other powers of entertainment are wanting, the true philosopher will derive benefit from such as are given.
  5. (archaic) A student, scholar, or expert in any branch of knowledge, especially those branches studied prior to being considered part of pure science.
  6. (obsolete) An alchemist.

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Attributed dates to Roman antiquity: Cicero, Tusculan Disputations, 5.3.8-9 = Heraclides Ponticus fr. 88 Wehrli, Diogenes Laertius 1.12, 8.8, Iamblichus VP 58.
  2. ^ This view has been challenged by Walter Burkert, but it has been defended by C.J. De Vogel, Pythagoras and Early Pythagoreanism (1966), pp. 97–102, and C. Riedweg, Pythagoras: His Life, Teaching, And Influence (2005), p. 92.

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

philosopher

  1. to philosophize

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LatinEdit

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