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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as the verb rūgt(to ferment, to turn sour, bitter), of which it is technically the past participle. Cognates include Lithuanian rūgštùs(sour); cf. also 17th-century Latvian rūksts(bitter, sour and bitter) (= *rūgsts).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

rūgts (def. rūgtais, comp. rūgtāks, sup. visrūgtākais; adv. rūgti)

  1. bittered; indefinite past passive participle of rūgt 
  2. bitter (having the acrid taste typical of, e.g., gall, or wormwood)
    rūgtas zāles, ogas‎ ― bitter herbs, berries
    saldeni rūgts dzēriens‎ ― bittersweet drink
    rūgta garša‎ ― bitter taste
    rūgta kafija, tēja‎ ― bitter coffee, tea (i.e., without sugar)
    rūgtā ķērsa‎ ― bitter cherry (a different species)
    rūgtās mandeles‎ ― bitter alomnds (a different species)
    ēst vairs nemaz negribējās, kāposti likās rūgti‎ ― one didn't feel at all like eating anymore, the cabbage seemed bitter
    viss, ko mēs ēdām un dzērām, bija rūgts kā žults‎ ― everything that we ate and drank was as bitter as gall
  3. (of smells) bitter (having the smell typical of, e.g., wormwood)
    rūgta smarža, smaka‎ ― bitter smell
    rūgti ziedi‎ ― bitter flowers
    rūgta ogļu dvinga‎ ― bitter (char)coal fumes
    dūmi bija nežēlīgi rūgti un saka kost acīs un kaklā‎ ― the smoke was cruelly bitter and started biting in the eyes and neck
  4. (figuratively) bitter (which causes or is associated with painful experience, suffering, hardship; expressing such feelings, associations)
    rūgta dzīve‎ ― bitter life
    rūgti maldi‎ ― bitter delusion
    rūgtas ciešanas‎ ― bitter suffering
    rūgta mācība‎ ― bitter lesson
    rūgts pārbaudījums‎ ― bitter test, ordeal
    rūgta atziņa‎ ― bitter realization
    rūgta balss‎ ― bitter voice
    rūgts pārmetums‎ ― bitter reprimand, accusation
    nu nāca rūgtas dienas‎ ― well, the bitter days have come
    patiesība, kaut arī rūgta, vienmēr labāka par ilūzijām‎ ― the truth, though bitter, is always better than illusions
    viņas smalkie vaibsti, viegli pārklāti ar maigu saules bronzu, stāstīja par rūgtu vilšanos‎ ― her delicate features, lightly covered by the soft bronze of the sun, told about bitter disappointment

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “rūgts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7