See also: skabs

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as the verb skābt(to go sour) (q.v.), made into an adjective.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

skābs

  1. 3rd person singular future indicative form of skābt
  2. 3rd person plural future indicative form of skābt

AdjectiveEdit

skābs (def. skābais, comp. skābāks, sup. visskābākais; adv. skābi)

  1. sour (having a taste similar to, e.g., lemon)
    skābs ābols‎ ― sour apple
    skābs vīns‎ ― sour wine
    skāba garša‎ ― sour taste
    uz galdiņa stāvēja turziņa ar skābajām konfektēm‎ ― on the little table was the little bag with the sour candy
    Latvijā izaudzētas vairākas saldo un skābo ķiršu šķirnes‎ ― in Latvia many species of sweet and sour cherries (are) grown
  2. sour (that which was acidified, fermented; syn. skābēts)
    skābais, saskābis krējums‎ ― sour cream
    skābais piens (= rūgušpiens)‎ ― sour milk
    skābi, skābēti kāposti‎ ― sauerkraut (lit. sour cabbage)
    skābi, skābēti gurķi‎ ― pickled (lit. sour) cucumbers
    skābie piena produkti darbojas pret mikrobiem‎ ― sour milk products work against microbes, germs
  3. (chemistry) acid (having acid or acid-like features)
    skābais sāls‎ ― acid salt
    skābā krāsviela‎ ― acid dye
    skābais iezis‎ ― acid rock (= containing a lot of silica)
  4. (of smells) sour, acid (having a smell similar to that of, e.g., lemons or vinegar)
    skāba smarža, smaka‎ ― sour smell
    skāba pelējuma smaka‎ ― the sour smell of mold
  5. (colloquial) surly, grumbling, impolite; frustrated
    “vai arī mēs nevarējām atbraukt vakar!” spiningotāji sev pārmeta, savilkuši skābas sejas‎ ― “we could have gone back yesterday!” the fishermen accused themselves, putting on a sour face
    “bet ja nu es pati gribētu pie jums iet par sievu?” Zina smējās; Krusa izspieda skābu vīpsnu un gāja laukā‎ ― “but (what) if I myself wanted to be(come) your wife?” Zina laughed; Krusa produced a sour smirk and walked out

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “skābt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7