skābs

See also: skabs

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as the verb skābt (to go sour) (q.v.), made into an adjective.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

skābs

  1. 3rd person singular future indicative form of skābt
  2. 3rd person plural future indicative form of skābt

AdjectiveEdit

skābs (definite skābais, comparative skābāks, superlative visskābākais, adverb skābi)

  1. sour (having a taste similar to, e.g., lemon)
    skābs ābolssour apple
    skābs vīnssour wine
    skāba garšasour taste
    uz galdiņa stāvēja turziņa ar skābajām konfektēm — on the little table was the little bag with the sour candy
    Latvijā izaudzētas vairākas saldo un skābo ķiršu šķirnes — in Latvia many species of sweet and sour cherries (are) grown
  2. sour (that which was acidified, fermented; syn. skābēts)
    skābais, saskābis krējumssour cream
    skābais piens (= rūgušpiens)sour milk
    skābi, skābēti kāposti — sauerkraut (lit. sour cabbage)
    skābi, skābēti gurķi — pickled (lit. sour) cucumbers
    skābie piena produkti darbojas pret mikrobiemsour milk products work against microbes, germs
  3. (chemistry) acid (having acid or acid-like features)
    skābais sālsacid salt
    skābā krāsvielaacid dye
    skābais iezisacid rock (= containing a lot of silica)
  4. (of smells) sour, acid (having a smell similar to that of, e.g., lemons or vinegar)
    skāba smarža, smakasour smell
    skāba pelējuma smaka — the sour smell of mold
  5. (colloquial) surly, grumbling, impolite; frustrated
    “vai arī mēs nevarējām atbraukt vakar!” spiningotāji sev pārmeta, savilkuši skābas sejas — “we could have gone back yesterday!” the fishermen accused themselves, putting on a sour face
    “bet ja nu es pati gribētu pie jums iet par sievu?” Zina smējās; Krusa izspieda skābu vīpsnu un gāja laukā — “but (what) if I myself wanted to be(come) your wife?” Zina laughed; Krusa produced a sour smirk and walked out

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “skābt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 3 November 2013, at 11:22