See also: respiré
From Middle English respiren, borrowed from Old French respirer or Latin respīrō (“to blow back, breathe out”), from re- (“back”) + spīrō (“to breathe, blow”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɹɪˈspʌɪə/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ɹɪˈspaɪɹ/
- Rhymes: -aɪə(ɹ)
respire (third-person singular simple present respires, present participle respiring, simple past and past participle respired)
- (intransitive) To breathe in and out successively.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:breathe
- (intransitive) To recover one's breath or breathe easily following stress.
- 1671, John Milton, Samson Agonistes, lines 10–11:
- The breath of heav'n fresh-blowing, pure and sweet, / With day-spring born; here leave me to respire.
- 1888, Edmund Shaftesbury, Lessons in Artistic Deep Breathing for Strengthening the Voice, page 23:
- Second Day.—Hold the breath five seconds. Respire, and hold the breath ten seconds. Respire, and hold the breath fifteen seconds.
- (cytology, intransitive) To take up oxygen and produce carbon dioxide through oxidation.
- (transitive) To (inhale and) exhale; to breathe.
- 1799, M. Lesser, Insecto-Theology: Or, a Demonstration of the Being and Perfections of God, from a Consideration of the Structure and Economy of Insects, page 327:
- It is my opinion, that these animals, while they continue in the state of larvae, respire water and not air; and that they inspire the water, not by the mask, but by their posterior part, through which also they discharge it.
- 1838, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], Duty and Inclination, volume III, London: Henry Colburn, page 139:
- They were the last moments he might ever respire near her, who was then doubtless wrapt in peaceful sleep, whilst he wandered distracted without.
- (archaic, intransitive) To recover hope, courage, or strength after a time of difficulty.
- (obsolete) Rest, respite.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, “Book I, Canto XI”, in The Faerie Queene. […], London: […] [John Wolfe] for William Ponsonbie, →OCLC, page 162:
- He cast to suffer him no more respire,
But gan his sturdie sterne about to weld,
And him so strongly stroke, that to the ground him feld.
- “respire”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- “respire”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present.
respire m (plural respires)
- inflection of respirer:
- “respire”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
- inflection of respirar:
- inflection of respirar: