See also: Spiro, spirò, and spiro-

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

Ultimately from Latin spīra (coil, twist).

NounEdit

spiro (uncountable)

  1. (organic chemistry, attributively) A polycyclic compound or system that contains a single atom as the only common member of two rings.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Clipping.

NounEdit

spiro (uncountable)

  1. (pharmacology, slang) Clipping of spironolactone.
    • 2022, Laura Erickson-Schroth, editor, Trans Bodies, Trans Selves, 2nd edition, Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 315:
      I was on estradiol tablets, finasteride, micronized progesterone, and spironolactone. I had an orchiectomy and have been taken off of progesterone and spiro. As far as changes to my body, they have been very miniscule in comparison to a person half my age. The most changes have been in my face.
    • 2022 January 31, Bella Cacciatore, “How Pregnancy and Social Media Helped Kara Nesvig’s Hormonal Acne”, in Glamour[1]:
      After trying everything short of Accutane, she finally found her magic combo of spironolactone and hormonal birth control. “Birth control and spiro were my dream duo,” she says. “They knocked out my acne, my skin was flawless, but I had to have both.”
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈspiro]
  • Rhymes: -iro
  • Hyphenation: spir‧o

NounEdit

spiro (accusative singular spiron, plural spiroj, accusative plural spirojn)

  1. breath

Related termsEdit


ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈspi.ro/
  • Rhymes: -iro
  • Hyphenation: spì‧ro

VerbEdit

spiro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of spirare

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *speizō, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peys- (to blow, breathe). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *fīsaną (to blow; to fart). More at fist, fise.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

spīrō (present infinitive spīrāre, perfect active spīrāvī, supine spīrātum); first conjugation

  1. I breathe, draw breath, respire
  2. I blow, breathe, burst forth
  3. (intransitive, with accusative) I breathe out, exhale, emit
  4. (figuratively) I breathe, live, am alive (usually in the present participle)
  5. (figuratively) I am poetically inspired
  6. (figuratively) I design, intend, express

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of spīrō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spīrō spīrās spīrat spīrāmus spīrātis spīrant
imperfect spīrābam spīrābās spīrābat spīrābāmus spīrābātis spīrābant
future spīrābō spīrābis spīrābit spīrābimus spīrābitis spīrābunt
perfect spīrāvī spīrāvistī spīrāvit spīrāvimus spīrāvistis spīrāvērunt,
spīrāvēre
pluperfect spīrāveram spīrāverās spīrāverat spīrāverāmus spīrāverātis spīrāverant
future perfect spīrāverō spīrāveris spīrāverit spīrāverimus spīrāveritis spīrāverint
passive present spīror spīrāris,
spīrāre
spīrātur spīrāmur spīrāminī spīrantur
imperfect spīrābar spīrābāris,
spīrābāre
spīrābātur spīrābāmur spīrābāminī spīrābantur
future spīrābor spīrāberis,
spīrābere
spīrābitur spīrābimur spīrābiminī spīrābuntur
perfect spīrātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect spīrātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect spīrātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spīrem spīrēs spīret spīrēmus spīrētis spīrent
imperfect spīrārem spīrārēs spīrāret spīrārēmus spīrārētis spīrārent
perfect spīrāverim spīrāverīs spīrāverit spīrāverīmus spīrāverītis spīrāverint
pluperfect spīrāvissem spīrāvissēs spīrāvisset spīrāvissēmus spīrāvissētis spīrāvissent
passive present spīrer spīrēris,
spīrēre
spīrētur spīrēmur spīrēminī spīrentur
imperfect spīrārer spīrārēris,
spīrārēre
spīrārētur spīrārēmur spīrārēminī spīrārentur
perfect spīrātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect spīrātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spīrā spīrāte
future spīrātō spīrātō spīrātōte spīrantō
passive present spīrāre spīrāminī
future spīrātor spīrātor spīrantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives spīrāre spīrāvisse spīrātūrum esse spīrārī spīrātum esse spīrātum īrī
participles spīrāns spīrātūrus spīrātus spīrandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
spīrandī spīrandō spīrandum spīrandō spīrātum spīrātū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • spiro”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spiro”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spiro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a man's soul breathes through his writings: alicuius mens in scriptis spirat
  • spiro in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[3], pre-publication website, 2005-2016