Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: Spiro, spirò, and spiro-




spiro (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Spironolactone.




spiro (accusative singular spiron, plural spiroj, accusative plural spirojn)

  1. breath

Related termsEdit





  1. first-person singular present indicative of spirare




From Proto-Indo-European *(s)peys- (to blow, breathe). Cognate with Old English fisting (breaking wind), Albanian fryj (to blow, breath). More at fist, fise.



spīrō (present infinitive spīrāre, perfect active spīrāvī, supine spīrātum); first conjugation

  1. I breathe, draw breath, respire
  2. I blow, breathe, burst forth
  3. (intransitive, with accusative) I breathe out, exhale, emit
  4. (figuratively) I breathe, live, am alive (usually in the present participle)
  5. (figuratively) I am poetically inspired
  6. (figuratively) I design, intend, express


   Conjugation of spiro (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spīrō spīrās spīrat spīrāmus spīrātis spīrant
imperfect spīrābam spīrābās spīrābat spīrābāmus spīrābātis spīrābant
future spīrābō spīrābis spīrābit spīrābimus spīrābitis spīrābunt
perfect spīrāvī spīrāvistī spīrāvit spīrāvimus spīrāvistis spīrāvērunt, spīrāvēre
pluperfect spīrāveram spīrāverās spīrāverat spīrāverāmus spīrāverātis spīrāverant
future perfect spīrāverō spīrāveris spīrāverit spīrāverimus spīrāveritis spīrāverint
passive present spīror spīrāris, spīrāre spīrātur spīrāmur spīrāminī spīrantur
imperfect spīrābar spīrābāris, spīrābāre spīrābātur spīrābāmur spīrābāminī spīrābantur
future spīrābor spīrāberis, spīrābere spīrābitur spīrābimur spīrābiminī spīrābuntur
perfect spīrātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect spīrātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect spīrātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spīrem spīrēs spīret spīrēmus spīrētis spīrent
imperfect spīrārem spīrārēs spīrāret spīrārēmus spīrārētis spīrārent
perfect spīrāverim spīrāverīs spīrāverit spīrāverīmus spīrāverītis spīrāverint
pluperfect spīrāvissem spīrāvissēs spīrāvisset spīrāvissēmus spīrāvissētis spīrāvissent
passive present spīrer spīrēris, spīrēre spīrētur spīrēmur spīrēminī spīrentur
imperfect spīrārer spīrārēris, spīrārēre spīrārētur spīrārēmur spīrārēminī spīrārentur
perfect spīrātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect spīrātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spīrā spīrāte
future spīrātō spīrātō spīrātōte spīrantō
passive present spīrāre spīrāminī
future spīrātor spīrātor spīrantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives spīrāre spīrāvisse spīrātūrus esse spīrārī spīrātus esse spīrātum īrī
participles spīrāns spīrātūrus spīrātus spīrandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
spīrāre spīrandī spīrandō spīrandum spīrātum spīrātū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



  • spiro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spiro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spiro” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a man's soul breathes through his writings: alicuius mens in scriptis spirat
  • spiro in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016