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LatvianEdit

 rudzi on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Rudzi

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *rugi-, from Proto-Indo-European *wrugʰyo- (rye), itself perhaps a borrowing from a Far Eastern language. Cognates include Lithuanian rugỹs, rugiaĩ, Old Prussian rugis, ruggis, Proto-Slavic *rъžь (Russian, Ukrainian рожь (rož'), Bulgarian ръж (rǎž), Czech rež, Polish reż), Proto-Germanic *rugiz (Old High German rocko, German Roggen, Dutch rogge, Old English ryge, English rye, Old Norse rugr, Swedish råg, Danish rug).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

rudzi m (1st declension)

  1. rye (a grass, Secale sereale, or its grains, used for food or fodder)
    sēt, pļaut rudzusto sow, to mow rye
    lopi sagājuši rudzosthe animals went into the rye (field)
    pūrs rudzuportion of rye
    malt rudzusto pound rye
    rudzu maizerye bread

Usage notesEdit

There is a singular form rudzis, only sporadically attested (usually to refer to the plant).

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “rudzi”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7