Open main menu
See also: rúg and rüg

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Origin uncertain; probably of North Germanic origin, compare dialectal Norwegian rugga (coarse coverlet), Swedish rugg (rough entangled hair), from Old Norse rǫgg (shagginess; tuft), from Proto-Germanic *rawwō (long wool), related to English rag and rough.

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: rŭg, IPA(key): /ɹʌɡ/
  • Rhymes: -ʌɡ
  • (file)

NounEdit

rug (plural rugs)

  1. A partial covering for a floor. [1624]
  2. (Britain, Australia) A (usually thick) piece of fabric used for warmth (especially on a bed); a blanket. [1591]
    • 1855, William Howitt, A Boy′s Adventures in the Wilds of Australia: or, Herbert′s Note-Book, page 254,
      They then cut down a quantity of gum-tree leaves for a bed, and threw their rugs upon them ready for bed-time.
    • 1906 July 27, Government Gazette of Western Australia, page 2297,
      Furnish every sleeping apartment with a sufficient number of toilet utensils and bedsteads, and sufficient bedding so that each bed shall be provided with a mattress, two sheets, a rug, and, in winter time, not less than one additional rug.
    • 1950 April, Dental Journal of Australia, Volume 22, page 181,
      My own son had a bunny rug of which he was very fond and on being put to bed he would always demand his “bunny rug to suck his finger with.″
    • 1958, Arthur Hailey, John Castle. Runway Zero-Eight. Bantham Books
      She tucked in a rug round the woman. “How’s that?” The woman nodded gratefully.
    • 1997, Alan Sharpe, Vivien Encel, Murder!: 25 True Australian Crimes, page 22,
      He brought with him a rug and a sheet, and lay down by the fire.
  3. (historical, now rare) A kind of coarse, heavy frieze, formerly used for clothing. [1547]
    • Holinshed
      They spin the choicest rug in Ireland. A friend of mine [] repaired to Paris Garden clad in one of these Waterford rugs.
  4. (historical, now rare) A cloak or mantle made of such a frieze. [1577]
  5. (obsolete, rare) A person wearing a rug. [1627]
  6. A cloth covering for a horse. [1790]
  7. (obsolete, rare) A dense layer of natural vegetation that precludes the growth of crops. [1792]
  8. (slang) The female pubic hair. [1893]
  9. A rough, woolly, or shaggy dog.
  10. (slang) A wig; a hairpiece. [1940]
  11. (colloquial) A dense growth of chest hair. [1954]

Usage notesEdit

  • (partial floor covering): The terms rug and carpet are not precise synonyms: a rug covers part of the floor; a carpet covers most or a large area of the floor; a fitted carpet runs wall-to-wall.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

rug (third-person singular simple present rugs, present participle rugging, simple past and past participle rugged)

  1. (Scotland) To pull roughly or hastily; to plunder; to spoil; to tear.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Scott to this entry?)

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

rug (comparative more rug, superlative most rug)

  1. (Britain, dialectal, obsolete) snug; cosy

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for rug in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch rug.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rug (plural rûe or rûens, diminutive ruggie)

  1. (plural chiefly rûe) back (rear of the body)
  2. (plural chiefly rûens) hill; ridge

AromanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin rubus. Compare Romanian rug.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

rug m (plural rudz)

  1. wild rose, raspberry bush, bramble bush
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably a semi-learned term or borrowing from Latin rogus, as with its Romanian cognate rug (or modeled after it). Less likely inherited.

NounEdit

rug m (plural rudz)

  1. funeral pyre

DanishEdit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

EtymologyEdit

From Old Danish rugh, from Old Norse rugr, from Proto-Germanic *rugiz, from Proto-Indo-European *wrugʰyo-. Compare Norwegian Bokmål rug, Swedish råg, Icelandic rúgur, Dutch rogge, Low German Rogg, German Roggen, English rye.

NounEdit

rug c (singular definite rugen, not used in plural form)

  1. rye (Secale cereale)

VerbEdit

rug

  1. imperative of ruge

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch rugge, from Old Dutch ruggi, from Proto-Germanic *hrugjaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rug m (plural ruggen, diminutive ruggetje n or rugje n)

  1. back
  2. (geology) ridge

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


FaroeseEdit

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish ·ruc, prototonic form of ro·ucc, perfect tense of beirid.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

rug

  1. past analytic of beir

Further readingEdit

  • "rug" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “rug” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “rug” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

ManxEdit

VerbEdit

rug (verbal noun ruggal, past participle ruggit)

  1. to bear (give birth to)

SynonymsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no
 
rug

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse rugr, from Proto-Germanic *rugiz, from Proto-Indo-European *wrugʰyo-. Compare Danish rug, Swedish råg, Icelandic rúgur, Dutch rogge, German Roggen, English rye.

NounEdit

rug m (definite singular rugen)

  1. rye (the grass Secale cereale or its grains as food)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse rugr, from Proto-Germanic *rugiz, from Proto-Indo-European *wrugʰyo-. Compare Danish rug, Swedish råg, Icelandic rúgur, Dutch rogge, German Roggen, English rye.

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

NounEdit

rug m (definite singular rugen)

  1. rye (as above)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rug

  1. genitive plural of ruga

Further readingEdit

  • rug in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin rogus, probably borrowed in the 19th century or semi-learned. The linguists Candrea and Tiktin believed it to be inherited.

NounEdit

rug n (plural ruguri)

  1. pyre
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin rubus (bramble, briar), from Proto-Italic *wruðos, from Proto-Indo-European *wr̥dʰo- (sweetbriar). Compare Italian rovo, dialectal rogo. For the sound shift of Latin -b- to -g- in Romanian, compare neg, negura.

NounEdit

rug m (plural rugi)

  1. bramble
  2. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

rug

  1. past tense of beir