schinen

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch skīnan, from Proto-West Germanic *skīnan, from Proto-Germanic *skīnaną.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈskiːnən/, /ˈsxiːnən/

VerbEdit

schinen

  1. to shine
  2. to be visible
  3. to appear, to look, to seem
  4. to become apparent

InflectionEdit

Strong class 1
Infinitive schinen
3rd sg. past schêen
3rd pl. past schēnen
Past participle geschēnen
Infinitive schinen
In genitive schinens
In dative schinene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular schine schêen
2nd singular schijns, schines schēens, schēnes
3rd singular schijnt, schinet schêen
1st plural schinen schēnen
2nd plural schijnt, schinet schēent, schēnet
3rd plural schinen schēnen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular schine schēne
2nd singular schijns, schines schēnes
3rd singular schine schēne
1st plural schinen schēnen
2nd plural schijnt, schinet schēnet
3rd plural schinen schēnen
Imperative Present
Singular schijn, schine
Plural schijnt, schinet
Present Past
Participle schinende geschēnen

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: schijnen
  • Limburgish: sjiene

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English scīnan, from Proto-West Germanic *skīnan, from Proto-Germanic *skīnaną.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

schinen

  1. To emit brightness and lightness; to shine:
    1. To emit light naturally; to be bright (like a lamp)
    2. To emit light inherently; to be light (like a sheet of paper)
    3. To shimmer; to shine due to being glossy, smooth or viscous.
      1. To be reflective or shine due to this reflectivity
      2. To gleam; to shine due to expensive accoutrements.
    4. To shine due to spiritual or mystic power; to shine with holy light.
    5. To shine upon an area, resulting in it becoming lighter.
  2. To stand out; to be notable:
    1. To be respected or well-reputed; to have a good reputation
    2. To be famous or outstanding; to have an excellent reputation.
    3. (rare) To be noticeable or be able to be seen.
    4. (rare) To be apparent or obvious.
    5. (rare) To celebrate.
  3. To have skin that is fair and attractive.
  4. To be holy, free of sins, or righteous.
  5. To be decorated finely and expensively.

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

Weak forms are more common in Northern Middle English.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit